The daily life of a karate girl

Hey, all. Long time no see...

I'm not sure how many of you are familiar with Detective Conan, but right now I'm developing a story around its karate-ka heroine Ran Mouri (Rachel Moore, for those of you who might dimly recall the dub from [adult swim]), and I could really use some pointers from folks who've got more experience practicing, writing, or reading about the art.

The setting, of course, is Tokyo. Ostensibly modern-day, but the source material began in Heisei ('89 onward) and has an infamously loosey-goosey chronology, so no need to be persnickety about the year.

Ran is somewhere between sixteen and seventeen, a second-year at her high school. She captains said school's karate club (there may be a parallel one for boys, but if there is it's never mentioned), and in fine Shonen tradition can dent cars and kayo men twice her size with one kick. I may or may not tone this down in my own writing; the important thing is that she can outfight most if not all of her age group. Here's a small compilation of her karate feats, if anyone's interested.

(My own research also unearthed this RP page; could anyone familiar with the Japanese Karate scene tell me how accurate it is?)

The source material not being a sports manga, it barely brushes on Ran's daily training regimen and such, so I could use some recommendations for books and shows that do show this kind of thing in detail, as well as how the principles/philosophies behind karate might influence a teenager's everyday life. For reference - apart from reviewing some of Mas Oyama's writings, I'm a few chapters into Yawara and looking to finish Teppu sometime soon, so feel free to rec stuff that goes outside karate (though they should all be focused on barehanded arts, and preferably star a modern-day schoolkid).

Relatedly, I'm also looking for general recs on authors who can depict thrilling martial-arts battles in prose. I've tried Fonda Lee's Jade City, but (despite its many other charms) haven't found it very useful in this regard. Realism's not a high priority here, only style.
haiku impossible

Javelin hunting - what would be suitable prey to show off?

My setting is fantasy, tech level roughly Dark Ages with some influence from Ancient Greece. There's magic, but it won't be relevant here.
This particular area is similar to a hilly area in Western Europe, and it's winter.

I have a character who's going out hunting alone, using a javelin. She's good with it. I want her to come back to the settlement carrying some sort of prey that would be perfectly reasonable to hunt by some other method, but to get it with a javelin, you've got to be good, preferably in terms of accuracy rather than power. (Yes, I know this is a silly thing for her to want to do. Just take it that she's silly, OK?)

At present, I have no idea what sort of prey one could hunt at all. Rabbits? Deer? Birds in flight?

I've tried searching, with keywords of "javelin hunting prey" and also "thrown spear", and about all I'm finding is warfare, plus a lot of repetition of some modern javelin sports throwers trying out Neanderthal javelin designs.

edit to add a few more half-relevant links
Here's one about a javelin contest that tests accuracy, not mere range
garfy promoting eqlty by pinkfairy727

Understandable Robot/Computer Knowledge Resource?

Hello, all. I am attempting to graduate to the realm of original fiction writing with a near-future dystopic about robots programmed to detect when people who are near death's door have reached the point of no return, thus freeing medical personnel and family members from a daunting decision. The majority of my work will either take place in a near-future hospital or in the corporation that created the robots and the idea behind them. Oh, and in the USA but with a potential for affecting the world.

What I need is a good resource for easily understood robot/computer knowledge that will bog neither me nor my reader(s?) down with technobabble.

So far, I have been reading/listening to similar hardcore sci-fi idea novels, as well as nonfiction regarding being human in an ever-progressing age of artificial intelligence. I just worry that I will end up writing something too close to another's (such as _I, Robot_) and get accused of plagiarism right out of the gate, when in fact my inspiration came from my Alzheimer's victim father and his long-stated DNR wishes until the disease began to confuse his brain.


What is this called?

Okay so when a First Nations person wears like, one or two feathers attached to a leather throng like a hair jewelry thing, what is that called?

Need to know because a character of mine is half Navajo and I want to have her wearing one in the books. I mean, if the Navajo even do that, that is.

Era: Modern day (story takes place in 2017)
Research I've tried: Google searching "Navajo feather jewelry," "two feathers navajo hair jewelry," "hair feathers Navajo," and "navajo jewelry names" which just came up with a bunch of images and shopping stuff but nothing useful to me. It's kind of hard to Google for something like this when you haven't the foggiest idea what it's called.
  • rei17

Treatment of half chinese man in Edwardian upper class society

So I give up, because I seriously don't know how to research this anymore.
My scenario is highly specific and this is why it's so hard to find out anything.
I'm writing this kind of Agatha Christie Murder Mysteries set in Edwardian England pre-WWI.

My main protagonist is the illegitimate son of the younger son of an earl. His father did acknowledge the child as his own and raised him next to his legitimate son and also gave him an excellent education (I'm thinking Royal Navy College and/or Cambridge). The illegitimate son is also half chinese because his mother was chinese (since the father is the younger son and wouldn't inherit anything, he was an officer in the Royal Navy and was stationed in Hongkong).

My question is: How would this man be treated by society, specifically by the upper class? He has a younger half brother who is very fond of him and who is the grandson of an earl. Would his brother be able to just "bring him along" everywhere? In general how much would his acceptance in society depend on his family's support? (I'm asking specifically because he has an uncle - the earl - who is NOT very fond of him and would love to get rid of him and I wonder how much would actually be at stake if he would loose this uncle's approval. Like, are we talking "he would have a harder time getting invitations for fancy balls" or are we talking "starving in the streets"-kinda stakes?)

How would the Royal Navy College or Cambridge have treated him? Would he have been hazed or bullied, like, all the time or are we talking more like microaggressions here and there? Would his family name protect him from that? Would people care more about his illegetimacy or his chinese descent? Would he be allowed access into fashionable clubs? Would he have been invited to the upper class parties? Would there be servants who would refuse to serve him or institutions who would refuse him entrance, and if yes, again the questions - would it be because of his race or his illegitimacy? Again - very fond younger brother, who is not a peer himself, but still the nephew of an earl, so would that mean anything?

I basically cannot really figure out how people and society in general would have treated him.

Of course I googled "Immigrants in Edwardian England" and "chinese immigrants in Edwardian England", but most things I found out were about workers and seaman who moved around in very different circles. I also google "chinese stereotypes in the early 1900s in western society" and seriously, EVERY variation thereof.
I also googled "treatment of illegitimate children in Edwardian society" and every variation thereof, but again, most articles concernced themselves with "poor" bastards who ended up in the slums. I also looked for illegitimate children of peers who actually acknowledged them and took care of them, and most of them seemed to have moved around in high society, but of course they were all white.
I also looked at attendance records from Oxford and Cambridge from that time and there to have been Indian students who successfully graduated (for example Jawaharlal Nehru or Muhammad Ali Jinnah), but I didn't find out anything about how they were treated by their peers, and also they were Indian and not Chinese, and also they weren't the illegitimate son of a peer.

So, I would be glad for recommendations for documentaries, movies, books, wikipedia articles, personal life stories, biographies or seriously, ANY kind of help, because I'm really, really stuck here.

Search-and-rescue teams looking at night in a snowstorm?

Search attempts: various questions about how search-and-rescue work in general, in the cold, and at night.

Setting: Modern-day, Oregon

I've got a 45-year-old male in healthy condition who was dragged over a cliff in a canyon by a villain. They both fell over a waterfall in a snowstorm at night. His friends were right there and promptly called for help. My understanding of search-and-rescue is that it can't go on during extreme inclement weather at night, so the story has the rescue teams come and try to look a bit but be unable to do much until the next day. It continues snowing throughout the day and into the next night. Since the man is very likely dead from the fall over the waterfall and the weather is blizzard conditions, my question is whether the search-and-rescue teams would try to look at night anyway since if he is alive, finding him soon would be of the utmost importance. I am baffled that I haven't been able to find out anything on the matter with various search terms. Thank you!
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Tumblr typographic convention used to portray eldritch horror: is there a term for it?

I don't know whether this stylistic practice originated on Tumblr, but that and AO3 are where I see it the most: an alphabet soup of things like accent marks, dingbats, and characters foreign to the language of the context to convey a pictorial impression of swirling miasma of chaos--either alone or interspersed with conventional lettering as embellishment.

A sample, from Grandmaster of Meme-onic Cultivation (in English) by Hades_the_Blingking on AO3; this is the name of a chatroom frequented by the undead who haunt an ancient charnel pit:

#҉̸̛̹͇̜̰͎̟̺̯͈͕̫͢%̶͕̳̲̠͍̖̼͍͎̞̥͙̹̩͘͘^̶̛̱͔̙̥͘&̶̰͉̙̭̯̤̥̹̥͇͘ͅ*҉̼͔̜̖̼͙̹̝̕U̢̞͎͙̳̦̤̟̜͇͚̼͔̙̲̹͡͞ͅH̷͉̼̮̗͚̬̺͔̩̞͇̥̞̕͢H̴̡̢̛͓͔̩̥̳͖̞̰̠͖̳̰̭̰͍̭͍͜J̷̡̨̢̟̫͙͓̞͙͍̭̯̗̠̙̬̺̖͈͍̪g̸̮̖̭͙͠j̨͡͡҉̳͇̥̖̹̳̟̼̭͕̟͈͖͖̜̗͓,҉̯̥̙͖͔̘̳̝̜̖̣̱̳͢i͠҉̲̺̲͇͚͓̟ͅų̶̧̫͕̦̬̥̝͔͝y̶̛̤̥͙̠̭͔̺u̧̻̦̫̩͘͞7͠͏̼̝̫̪̫͕͇̟͢5̵̯͍̯̪̤̤̺͎̼̖͔̺͙͚̻e͓̟͇̟̖͓̩̺̦̝̜͎̰̩͡r̹͈̩̗͕͚͍̗̹̩̤͓͟͟t̢̠̬̯̙͉̠̬̖͈̣̪͙͇̗͍ͅͅͅ%҉̴̯͍̘͓̘̭̼̯̕^̧͉͉̦̺̲͎̦̟̯̖̰̥̫̖̱̻̩͖̭͝&̵͞͏̰̝̟̱̭̹̭̺͓̘̟͇̯̺̲̼͈*̸̸͎͚͚̱ͅ ]

I found the term "Illustrative typography"--I'm presuming this is a subgenre--on Fanlore, but I'm looking for a name for this specific use thereof. I also checked "Text Tropes" on TV Tropes; I don't think it's quite Interface Screw.

(Note to the mods: a couple tags that might be useful to add are "fandom" and--now that they're a completed period--"2010s".)

ETA (1/14/2020): sidleypkhermit has identified this convention as "glitch text", sometimes known more specifically as "Zalgo text" (after a series of Something Awful memes involving a baby eldritch demon who goes around corrupting innocuous things like classic children's comic strips.) An online Zalgo Text modifier can be found here:
Fluffy Vulcan

Plausible non-life-threatening injuries from 8-10-foot fall, followed by additional plummet.

Not really sure how to Google this; I'm flipping through the injuries-to-order tag. It's weirdly specific.

Timeline: Pretty much present-day. 2016 or so.

We have a middle-aged man in decent health but not-so-great physical shape trying to climb up an elevator shaft after the car was wedged between floors. He's using a rope, slips, tries to hang on, wrenches his shoulder in the process and falls about 5-8 feet to land on the roof of the elevator car, which then falls about 10-12 feet more.

I want him to survive and not be permanently disabled. Besides the wrenched/dislocated shoulder, bruises etc., probably a concussion, what else would be believable?

1920s-1940s German Education System

Setting: Germany, 1920s-1940s

Scenario: A female character is born to a middle or upper class family in Germany c. 1916-1918. (I’m not sure yet where she’s from, but if it makes a difference for early education, I’m thinking about Berlin, Bonn, or somewhere in Bavaria.) After her primary/secondary education she completes the university admission requirement of 6 months in the Reich Labor Service, then studies art history at Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin or the University of Bonn from the mid/late 1930s to early 1940s.

-What was the German education system at the primary/secondary level in the 1920s-1930s? Specifically what would be the path for a well-to-do girl who will eventually go to university? (Not looking for curriculum, just the actual age/grade structure.)

-What was the system at the university level in the 1930s-1940s? What were the degree types and how long did it take, for both undergrad and graduate programs? Specifics for the character’s situation would be a plus, but anything equivalent is great too.

-How did university education change under the Nazis and during WWII? I know some of the broad stuff (staff/students forced out, admission numbers for women fluctuated, admission requirements changed) and I’m not sure exactly what I’m looking for here, but just anything interesting that might be relevant to her situation.

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Inheritance in 1735 Alsace

Alsace, 1735.

A very rich French nobleman with an estate in Alsace dies unmarried, leaving no children, no surviving parents, no brothers, and two surviving sisters. 

1) How much of his property, movable and immovable, can he alienate?

2) Less important, but I'm curious. My character is a count. He inherited the title from his father, who was made a count for services to the King, and who left no other surviving male descendants (only two childless daughters). What happens to the title? Does it die out, or does it revert to some cousin somewhere? If the latter, does that affect the cousin's claim to the estate?

Google search terms: entailment, france entailment, france law entailment, ordonnance concernant les substitutions 1747, ordinance of 1731 on gifts, ordinance of 1735 on wills, france provinces roman law customary law, alsace customary law, alsace inheritance law, alsace inheritance law ancien regime, quotité disponible, acquêts et propres, acquets inheritance, pays coutumiers, coutume de Paris, quotité disponible childless, succession célibataire, réserve héréditaire et succession célibataire.

JSTOR articles: "Rules of Inheritance and Strategies of Mobility in Prerevolutionary France", "The Local Law of Alsace-Lorraine: A Half Century of Survival".

Google books: Studies of Family Life: A Contribution to Social Science, Inheritance in Nineteenth-century French Culture: Wealth, Knowledge and the FamilyIs Inheritance Legitimate?: Ethical and Economic Aspects of Wealth TransfersCatalogue of Books on Foreign Law: Founded on the Collection Presented by Charles Purton Cooper, Esq., to the Society of Lincoln's Inn. Laws and Jurisprudence of France.The Law Times Reports, Volume 42Commentaries on American Law, Volume 4, Inherited WealthDemocracy in America: And Two Essays on America (de Tocqueville).

I've discovered that Alsace was one of the pays coutumiers, and furthermore that its own coutume and not that of Paris applied in the 18th century. I've discovered that the Coutume de Paris distinguished between a réserve héréditaire, which designated a portion of the inheritance that had to be inherited by descendants, ancestors, or collateral relatives, and the quotité disponible, the portion the testator could alienate.

I've discovered that in the 18th century, entailments were allowed in some of the pays coutumiers, but with limitations on the number of generations (in some cases, only 2 generations could bound by an entailment), and that the Civil Code did away with entailments. I learned a lot about how the Civil Code overhauled inheritance law. I learned a lot about the reincorporation of Alsace into France after 1919 and which parts of the local law were kept, even where they contradicted French law.

I've read de Tocqueville comparing American inheritance law to French (Civil Code) inheritance law, which is after my period. I've learned a lot about making up your will in France today, which is way after my period. I found Voltaire describing the exact problem of my period, which is that when you travel through 18th century France, you change legal systems as often as you change your horse!

It's been a very educational evening. But what I can't find is the specific law governing the disposition of the movable wealth and estate by unmarried childless noblemen in Alsace in the 18th century. Help?