ScarJo
  • rei17

Treatment of half chinese man in Edwardian upper class society

So I give up, because I seriously don't know how to research this anymore.
My scenario is highly specific and this is why it's so hard to find out anything.
I'm writing this kind of Agatha Christie Murder Mysteries set in Edwardian England pre-WWI.

My main protagonist is the illegitimate son of the younger son of an earl. His father did acknowledge the child as his own and raised him next to his legitimate son and also gave him an excellent education (I'm thinking Royal Navy College and/or Cambridge). The illegitimate son is also half chinese because his mother was chinese (since the father is the younger son and wouldn't inherit anything, he was an officer in the Royal Navy and was stationed in Hongkong).

My question is: How would this man be treated by society, specifically by the upper class? He has a younger half brother who is very fond of him and who is the grandson of an earl. Would his brother be able to just "bring him along" everywhere? In general how much would his acceptance in society depend on his family's support? (I'm asking specifically because he has an uncle - the earl - who is NOT very fond of him and would love to get rid of him and I wonder how much would actually be at stake if he would loose this uncle's approval. Like, are we talking "he would have a harder time getting invitations for fancy balls" or are we talking "starving in the streets"-kinda stakes?)

How would the Royal Navy College or Cambridge have treated him? Would he have been hazed or bullied, like, all the time or are we talking more like microaggressions here and there? Would his family name protect him from that? Would people care more about his illegetimacy or his chinese descent? Would he be allowed access into fashionable clubs? Would he have been invited to the upper class parties? Would there be servants who would refuse to serve him or institutions who would refuse him entrance, and if yes, again the questions - would it be because of his race or his illegitimacy? Again - very fond younger brother, who is not a peer himself, but still the nephew of an earl, so would that mean anything?

I basically cannot really figure out how people and society in general would have treated him.

Of course I googled "Immigrants in Edwardian England" and "chinese immigrants in Edwardian England", but most things I found out were about workers and seaman who moved around in very different circles. I also google "chinese stereotypes in the early 1900s in western society" and seriously, EVERY variation thereof.
I also googled "treatment of illegitimate children in Edwardian society" and every variation thereof, but again, most articles concernced themselves with "poor" bastards who ended up in the slums. I also looked for illegitimate children of peers who actually acknowledged them and took care of them, and most of them seemed to have moved around in high society, but of course they were all white.
I also looked at attendance records from Oxford and Cambridge from that time and there to have been Indian students who successfully graduated (for example Jawaharlal Nehru or Muhammad Ali Jinnah), but I didn't find out anything about how they were treated by their peers, and also they were Indian and not Chinese, and also they weren't the illegitimate son of a peer.

So, I would be glad for recommendations for documentaries, movies, books, wikipedia articles, personal life stories, biographies or seriously, ANY kind of help, because I'm really, really stuck here.
lector

Search-and-rescue teams looking at night in a snowstorm?

Search attempts: various questions about how search-and-rescue work in general, in the cold, and at night.

Setting: Modern-day, Oregon

I've got a 45-year-old male in healthy condition who was dragged over a cliff in a canyon by a villain. They both fell over a waterfall in a snowstorm at night. His friends were right there and promptly called for help. My understanding of search-and-rescue is that it can't go on during extreme inclement weather at night, so the story has the rescue teams come and try to look a bit but be unable to do much until the next day. It continues snowing throughout the day and into the next night. Since the man is very likely dead from the fall over the waterfall and the weather is blizzard conditions, my question is whether the search-and-rescue teams would try to look at night anyway since if he is alive, finding him soon would be of the utmost importance. I am baffled that I haven't been able to find out anything on the matter with various search terms. Thank you!
Default icon

Tumblr typographic convention used to portray eldritch horror: is there a term for it?

I don't know whether this stylistic practice originated on Tumblr, but that and AO3 are where I see it the most: an alphabet soup of things like accent marks, dingbats, and characters foreign to the language of the context to convey a pictorial impression of swirling miasma of chaos--either alone or interspersed with conventional lettering as embellishment.

A sample, from Grandmaster of Meme-onic Cultivation (in English) by Hades_the_Blingking on AO3; this is the name of a chatroom frequented by the undead who haunt an ancient charnel pit:

#҉̸̛̹͇̜̰͎̟̺̯͈͕̫͢%̶͕̳̲̠͍̖̼͍͎̞̥͙̹̩͘͘^̶̛̱͔̙̥͘&̶̰͉̙̭̯̤̥̹̥͇͘ͅ*҉̼͔̜̖̼͙̹̝̕U̢̞͎͙̳̦̤̟̜͇͚̼͔̙̲̹͡͞ͅH̷͉̼̮̗͚̬̺͔̩̞͇̥̞̕͢H̴̡̢̛͓͔̩̥̳͖̞̰̠͖̳̰̭̰͍̭͍͜J̷̡̨̢̟̫͙͓̞͙͍̭̯̗̠̙̬̺̖͈͍̪g̸̮̖̭͙͠j̨͡͡҉̳͇̥̖̹̳̟̼̭͕̟͈͖͖̜̗͓,҉̯̥̙͖͔̘̳̝̜̖̣̱̳͢i͠҉̲̺̲͇͚͓̟ͅų̶̧̫͕̦̬̥̝͔͝y̶̛̤̥͙̠̭͔̺u̧̻̦̫̩͘͞7͠͏̼̝̫̪̫͕͇̟͢5̵̯͍̯̪̤̤̺͎̼̖͔̺͙͚̻e͓̟͇̟̖͓̩̺̦̝̜͎̰̩͡r̹͈̩̗͕͚͍̗̹̩̤͓͟͟t̢̠̬̯̙͉̠̬̖͈̣̪͙͇̗͍ͅͅͅ%҉̴̯͍̘͓̘̭̼̯̕^̧͉͉̦̺̲͎̦̟̯̖̰̥̫̖̱̻̩͖̭͝&̵͞͏̰̝̟̱̭̹̭̺͓̘̟͇̯̺̲̼͈*̸̸͎͚͚̱ͅ ]



I found the term "Illustrative typography"--I'm presuming this is a subgenre--on Fanlore, but I'm looking for a name for this specific use thereof. I also checked "Text Tropes" on TV Tropes; I don't think it's quite Interface Screw.

(Note to the mods: a couple tags that might be useful to add are "fandom" and--now that they're a completed period--"2010s".)

ETA (1/14/2020): sidleypkhermit has identified this convention as "glitch text", sometimes known more specifically as "Zalgo text" (after a series of Something Awful memes involving a baby eldritch demon who goes around corrupting innocuous things like classic children's comic strips.) An online Zalgo Text modifier can be found here: https://zalgo.org/
Fluffy Vulcan

Plausible non-life-threatening injuries from 8-10-foot fall, followed by additional plummet.

Not really sure how to Google this; I'm flipping through the injuries-to-order tag. It's weirdly specific.

Timeline: Pretty much present-day. 2016 or so.

We have a middle-aged man in decent health but not-so-great physical shape trying to climb up an elevator shaft after the car was wedged between floors. He's using a rope, slips, tries to hang on, wrenches his shoulder in the process and falls about 5-8 feet to land on the roof of the elevator car, which then falls about 10-12 feet more.

I want him to survive and not be permanently disabled. Besides the wrenched/dislocated shoulder, bruises etc., probably a concussion, what else would be believable?

1920s-1940s German Education System

Setting: Germany, 1920s-1940s

Scenario: A female character is born to a middle or upper class family in Germany c. 1916-1918. (I’m not sure yet where she’s from, but if it makes a difference for early education, I’m thinking about Berlin, Bonn, or somewhere in Bavaria.) After her primary/secondary education she completes the university admission requirement of 6 months in the Reich Labor Service, then studies art history at Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin or the University of Bonn from the mid/late 1930s to early 1940s.

-What was the German education system at the primary/secondary level in the 1920s-1930s? Specifically what would be the path for a well-to-do girl who will eventually go to university? (Not looking for curriculum, just the actual age/grade structure.)

-What was the system at the university level in the 1930s-1940s? What were the degree types and how long did it take, for both undergrad and graduate programs? Specifics for the character’s situation would be a plus, but anything equivalent is great too.

-How did university education change under the Nazis and during WWII? I know some of the broad stuff (staff/students forced out, admission numbers for women fluctuated, admission requirements changed) and I’m not sure exactly what I’m looking for here, but just anything interesting that might be relevant to her situation.

Collapse )

Inheritance in 1735 Alsace

Setting
Alsace, 1735.

A very rich French nobleman with an estate in Alsace dies unmarried, leaving no children, no surviving parents, no brothers, and two surviving sisters. 

Questions
1) How much of his property, movable and immovable, can he alienate?

2) Less important, but I'm curious. My character is a count. He inherited the title from his father, who was made a count for services to the King, and who left no other surviving male descendants (only two childless daughters). What happens to the title? Does it die out, or does it revert to some cousin somewhere? If the latter, does that affect the cousin's claim to the estate?

Research
Google search terms: entailment, france entailment, france law entailment, ordonnance concernant les substitutions 1747, ordinance of 1731 on gifts, ordinance of 1735 on wills, france provinces roman law customary law, alsace customary law, alsace inheritance law, alsace inheritance law ancien regime, quotité disponible, acquêts et propres, acquets inheritance, pays coutumiers, coutume de Paris, quotité disponible childless, succession célibataire, réserve héréditaire et succession célibataire.

JSTOR articles: "Rules of Inheritance and Strategies of Mobility in Prerevolutionary France", "The Local Law of Alsace-Lorraine: A Half Century of Survival".

Google books: Studies of Family Life: A Contribution to Social Science, Inheritance in Nineteenth-century French Culture: Wealth, Knowledge and the FamilyIs Inheritance Legitimate?: Ethical and Economic Aspects of Wealth TransfersCatalogue of Books on Foreign Law: Founded on the Collection Presented by Charles Purton Cooper, Esq., to the Society of Lincoln's Inn. Laws and Jurisprudence of France.The Law Times Reports, Volume 42Commentaries on American Law, Volume 4, Inherited WealthDemocracy in America: And Two Essays on America (de Tocqueville).

I've discovered that Alsace was one of the pays coutumiers, and furthermore that its own coutume and not that of Paris applied in the 18th century. I've discovered that the Coutume de Paris distinguished between a réserve héréditaire, which designated a portion of the inheritance that had to be inherited by descendants, ancestors, or collateral relatives, and the quotité disponible, the portion the testator could alienate.

I've discovered that in the 18th century, entailments were allowed in some of the pays coutumiers, but with limitations on the number of generations (in some cases, only 2 generations could bound by an entailment), and that the Civil Code did away with entailments. I learned a lot about how the Civil Code overhauled inheritance law. I learned a lot about the reincorporation of Alsace into France after 1919 and which parts of the local law were kept, even where they contradicted French law.

I've read de Tocqueville comparing American inheritance law to French (Civil Code) inheritance law, which is after my period. I've learned a lot about making up your will in France today, which is way after my period. I found Voltaire describing the exact problem of my period, which is that when you travel through 18th century France, you change legal systems as often as you change your horse!

It's been a very educational evening. But what I can't find is the specific law governing the disposition of the movable wealth and estate by unmarried childless noblemen in Alsace in the 18th century. Help?
mourning

Deafness question

I have a new character in one of my books who is deaf due to a completely non-functional auditory nerve as the result of a family curse.

Having read up on this kind of hearing loss on Wikipedia and several other websites, I now have a question. So it says in the research I've done that side effects are vertigo, dizziness, nausea, and balance issues. Problem is, given the context in the research, they're likely talking about the most statistically significant cause, which is gradual damage to the auditory nerve. I can't find anything that answers the following question:

If someone is born with an already non-functional auditory nerve, do they still have dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and balance issues?
Dalek New

Psychiatry diagnosis - Hypnophobia, sleep deprivation, recurring dreams, delusion

Genre: Weird fiction

Setting: UK, present day

Query: I need a clinical psychiatric diagnosis for a person presenting as follows; recurring nightmares of falling causing interrupted sleep, the fear that he isn’t real but might be someone else’s dream, extreme sleep deprivation, night terrors. The individual is terrified of falling asleep, and has the same dream every time he does. He refuses to take any kind of sleep aid. No family history of mental illness, no recreational drug use, no family history of cerebral cancer, no traumatic head injury. The patient is intelligent and otherwise rational, but is very afraid of what will happen to him when whatever is dreaming him ends. Patient has not had an EEG or an MRI or CAT scan, but these will show no anomalies.

What I’m looking for is how a psychiatric health professional would describe this person in his notes. Any help would be gratefully received!

Searches: I’ve researched a variety of sleep disorders, including night terrors, sleep paralysis, REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder. I’ve looked at psychological disorders involving a sense of unreality (dissociative disorders), but without knowing the clinical language I’m stuck.
days of inspiration.

French Language Speaker (Fluent) Needed for Short Story Set in New York

Hi there!

I'm currently working on a short story set in NYC, about a young twenty-something man who looks back on his relationship with a French girl over the course of a summer.  The title and story itself plays around with the concept of the word été, which means both "summer" and "was."  What I need help with most is how one would the phrase "The Summer That Was" be put in French? 

According to Google, the French language has two tenses for describing things in the past: imparfait, which is used to describe something that lasts a while; and the passé composé, which describes something that was brief and now over.  For the verb to be, the imparfait would be était; the passé composé would be a été

The first thing I did, using my very elementary French skills, was try out my own literal translation of "The Summer That Was": L'été que a été, which Google said correct, but also gave me L'été qui a été.  After a couple of tries, it also gave me L'été qui était, and L'été c'était... I was also somehow -- don't quite remember how I got to it -- led to L'été que avait été, which translates to "The Summer that Had Been," but which loses the poetry I feel "The Summer That Was" has.

So, my problem is: which is the more grammatically-, or even colloquially-, correct to say in French?  If any French speakers out there can help, I'd really appreciate it!

Thanks in advance...

avengers sebastian stan b&w by buckyfalc

Good natured insults - New York

Hello!
I'm working on a Steve/Bucky modern AU fic, and am wondering if anyone can help me with a few insults. Bucky grew up in Brooklyn Heights and currently lives in Red Hook. What might he say about Bed-Stuy? Just some good-natured, common kind of stuff, that 'my neighborhood is better than yours' kind of thing people do.

I've googled 'what bad things to people say about Bed-Stuy' and variations on that theme and just get reams of crime statistics. 'Insults/neighborhood rivalry all that kind of thing gets me nowhere.

Halp!
Thanks.


(PS - is the Dreamwidth of this community totally blank or am I just not seeing anything due to some weird quirk?)