Marriage in 1870 London, how long after the death of the mother? [MOURNING]

Hello peeps.

I turn toward you because I have quite a specific question about mourning rules in Victorian London, and Google hasn't been of much help (too specific of a question, I guess.)

Character A mother dies quite suddenly. "Mother" is survived by her husband and two daughters, let's call them A & B. Upper class family, not aristocratic.
How long after the death of Mother can A be expected to have to marry?

I kinda need her to be married ASAP for the story, but I don't want to encroach on the mourning period (one year for a mother). I'm pretty sure she can't marry during the deep mourning period (first 3 months) or the full mourning period (first 6 months), but could she marry after that? When she hits the half-mourning period (9 months after the death?)

Kind regards,

Fluffy Vulcan

Pawning/Selling Jewelry in Edwardian England

I'll admit I'm at a loss for how to Google this.

My character is in London in 1904-1905. He's a time-traveler and is carrying some silver and copper jewelry that, while well-made, definitely doesn't fit the fashions of the day. He pawns the pieces (or sells them to a jeweller; I can be flexible on this point). I'm trying to figure out how much he can expect to get in exchange and how long he can make those funds last in terms of # of nights in a room in a boarding house, food, etc.

For the record, I'm picturing some bangles and collars along these lines, or maybe this, minus the gold.

(I'd also like to have the character trying to make sense of shillings and farthings and half-crowns, so while I don't need a precise sum, it would be helpful to know whether he'd be looking at a couple of shillings or a couple of pounds...)

Pre-wedding customs 1930s British aristocracy?

Hello, you have all been so helpful with my prior books. I'm a bit stuck on the new one.

The setting is an English country house in 1933, in the week or so before a wedding between 2 minor aristocratic families.

Google is no help, as it's swamped by the wedding industry churning generic content to drive sales.

I've read a number of period etiquette books, but they are primarily directed at middle-class hosts, or guests invited to a posh affair, and focus on invitations or what to wear.

I've read a lot of the Times archive and researched British Pathe, but these are more about clothes, flowers, and who was there.

What I'm interested in is whether they would be having similar types of events and parties as a modern couple- such as a rehearsal, with a dinner following. Would a "stag night" for the groom be expected/recognized, or would it be just unplanned rowdiness? Would there be a semiformal luncheon for the bridesmaids, as is customary in parts of the US?

I think I need primary sources of behind-the scenes memoirs/diaries or letters, but I'm not sure where to start looking for them.

Basically I want a sense of what's expected, what's protocol vs individual choice, and what would seem strange or Bad Form/Not Done.
Steve Rogers (writing)
  • rei17

Post-WWI life in England for a German guy

I'm working on a story set post-WWI in England, set in 1919 and I have done a lot of research and found a lot of things, but some things remain quite hazy for me.

1.) My main character is half English, half German (think Schlegel-Sisters in "Howards End") and he used to move across countries between his German and English families until 1914. During the war he was in an internment camp (see here and here and here). I found quite a lot about those and living there didn't seem to have been so bad, just pretty boring. But how would he have been treated after the war? During the war there were a lot of Anti-German riots and looting of German owned shops and so on, but did this go on afterwards, too? (I googled "Germans in living in England post WWI", "German immigrants in England", "Post WWI-life in England" and pretty much every variation and combination thereof.) I assume he wouldn't have been sent back to Germany (or would he?) but that he would have a hard time finding work or renting a flat (he has a pretty German sounding name and a noticeable accent) and so on.
So, what I want to know is would he have to idk register himself somewhere (as Aliens had to do during the war) or would he be allowed to move around freely? Also, I'd be interested to know how travel between England and the continent was immediately after the war? (I googled all variations of "travel" or "transport after WWI", but I mostly found out about soldiers coming home.) Like, would it have been easy for him to travel to Germany? As far as I learned most German infrastructure was destroyed by then and there was also a barricade, so I'm not sure how he would have to go about that.

Also his deceased father used to own property in London before the war (a small shop), would he have any claim to that or would his father have been dispossessed on grounds of him being German? (I have a hard time finding out ANYTHING about that and I googled pretty hard.) I also read most of Germans as Minorities during the first World War but that didn't help much about the situation right after the war.

2.) How would a lawyer a.) find people in 1919? Was there something like a population register? Would he use a private detective? The police?
And how would someone be able to prove who he is? What certificates would a lawyer use in 1919 to make sure he has the right person? A birth certificate? A passport? I'm asking because one of my characters is using the identity of his best friend who died in the war and I wondered how he would go about that...
Also what about my half german/ half english boy? I assumme dual citizenship didn't exist back then and it seems as if he would held the same nationality as his father, who was German. Is this correct?

All help would be appreciated!

Treatment of half-Chinese child/teenager in 1890s "Western" setting?

I've been trying to focus on one of my characters' backstory lately and am having a hard time figuring out the finer details. He grows up during the American Wild West era; his father was Chinese and his mother was a white woman. I need to work out the finer details of how his parents even met but I've been puzzled with how he would be treated during childhood and as an adult.

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marcus 2013

Cost of Magnesium in 1996-7

Does anyone have any old scientific catalogues around?

For a Harry Potter fanfic I need to know roughly how much magnesium ribbon cost in Britain circa 1996-7. This isn't even slightly vital but I like to be accurate - if someone has a reference such as an old catalogue I'd be grateful for the information. Prices for another country might be enough, I only need a ballpark figure. I can write around it easily so please don't go to a lot of trouble.

I've tried web searches for catalogues around this date from various educational chemical companies I dealt with in this period and got no results at all, there appears to be nothing on line.

Update - Since posting this for moderation I've written around it, but it would still be useful to find a source for scientific pricing in the era for future reference; I actually worked as a technician at the time but threw away old catalogues since I had no room to store them, and have a lousy memory - I had no idea that 20+ years later the info would be useful.
canon error

Working Class Employment in Edwardian London

Googled: Working Class Edwardian London, Spinning and Weaving in Edwardian London, Textile Mills in Edwardian London

...And between getting plenty of info on Victorian England and finding out that the textile mills seem to be in Lancashire, Cheshire, etc., I'm sort of stumped.

I'm doing an OUAT AU that has Rumple showing up in Edwardian England. So we're talking about a man who presents as being in his 50s, with a permanent limp. He's a spinner and weaver by trade, but he's from a pre-industrial (fairy tale!) society. I'm trying to come up with some sort of unskilled labor he'd realistically be able to find without having to move to another city, have connections, have to pay dues up-front, etc.

I'm going to say that the year is 1905, but I can go a couple of years in either direction if there's some piece of legislation that was passed around that time that would help his prospects.

Thanks so much!

Wheelchairs in antiquity

What mobility aids would be available to a person with little or no use of their legs, middle-east region, circa 500 CE?

My setting is based on Sasanian Persia; fantasy setting, so I have some flexibility. (So if there's record of something being available in earlier Rome or in Egypt or in India, for instance, I can assume the idea travelled.) Character is upper class, loss of mobility due to Polio.

Tried looking for "disability in antiquity", "disability in Persia", "disability in Mesopotamia" — found attitudes, e.g. the Mesopotamian god Enki designating those who can't walk to work as silversmiths. Did not find mobility aids. Tried looking for "mobility aids in antiquity" found three-wheeled walkers dating to ancient Egypt and Rome (, but wheelchairs dating back only to the Renaissance, Germany.

Further complicating matters, one element: while sticking wheels on a chair is not such an outlandish idea that it could not have appeared before the Renaissance, seating in Sasanian Persia was, to the best of my knowledge, on divans, cross-legged.

In light of this, a Persian nobleman or noblewoman with little or no use of his/her legs — what could they have available to them, in terms of moving around?


The daily life of a karate girl

Hey, all. Long time no see...

I'm not sure how many of you are familiar with Detective Conan, but right now I'm developing a story around its karate-ka heroine Ran Mouri (Rachel Moore, for those of you who might dimly recall the dub from [adult swim]), and I could really use some pointers from folks who've got more experience practicing, writing, or reading about the art.

The setting, of course, is Tokyo. Ostensibly modern-day, but the source material began in Heisei ('89 onward) and has an infamously loosey-goosey chronology, so no need to be persnickety about the year.

Ran is somewhere between sixteen and seventeen, a second-year at her high school. She captains said school's karate club (there may be a parallel one for boys, but if there is it's never mentioned), and in fine Shonen tradition can dent cars and kayo men twice her size with one kick. I may or may not tone this down in my own writing; the important thing is that she can outfight most if not all of her age group. Here's a small compilation of her karate feats, if anyone's interested.

(My own research also unearthed this RP page; could anyone familiar with the Japanese Karate scene tell me how accurate it is?)

The source material not being a sports manga, it barely brushes on Ran's daily training regimen and such, so I could use some recommendations for books and shows that do show this kind of thing in detail, as well as how the principles/philosophies behind karate might influence a teenager's everyday life. For reference - apart from reviewing some of Mas Oyama's writings, I'm a few chapters into Yawara and looking to finish Teppu sometime soon, so feel free to rec stuff that goes outside karate (though they should all be focused on barehanded arts, and preferably star a modern-day schoolkid).

Relatedly, I'm also looking for general recs on authors who can depict thrilling martial-arts battles in prose. I've tried Fonda Lee's Jade City, but (despite its many other charms) haven't found it very useful in this regard. Realism's not a high priority here, only style.