The questions: 1. Since this is his livelihood, I'm assuming that he'd want to use the stallion for more than breeding purposes. So is it reasonable to assume that he'd use his stud as his regular mount as well, or would he have a gelding for that purpose?
2. Given the extremely rudimentary nature of his homestead (hand built single room cabin) and the fact that he's breeding for an all-purpose work horse, and not to a particular breed, would he keep his stud in with the rest of the herd or have a separate pasture for him? Or would he need a barn to keep the stud from jumping fences when the mares were in heat?
I've googled "horse breeding 1870", "1870 horse ranch" and "horse care" and I've come up with nothing.