April 5th, 2012

[ANON POST] 14th-16th-century Northwest Native/First Nations tech and social customs

Setting:

Puget Sound, 1300s-1500s. Posits that small Japanese and Russian exploration fleets reached the PNW coast during this time and made first contact with the Coast Salish tribes living there. This is a fantasy story, rather than historical-revision fiction, so some artistic license is expected. The story itself is set long after this first contact has been made, and after the three cultures have been coexisting in this region for 100-200 years. This detail--of how these tribes would have lived and interacted under these circumstances--isn't the point of the book. Just a small part of the foundation for the world-building.

The two key questions:

-How would the Salish have handled small groups of foreign visitors who wanted to settle on their lands because they didn't have the means to return to their own home countries across the sea?

This assumes that the Japanese and Russian groups (which came at different times; the Japanese about 100 years before the Russians) were small, and not bent on conquering or otherwise subduing the native peoples, but also wouldn't be comfortable simply assimilating into the existing native cultures. They'd want their own spaces in which to continue their own ways of life and culture, but would generally have friendly trade, etc., relations with the natives. There is a rogue group of the Japanese settlers who become problematic, but they're subdued in other ways. Also, the two foreign cultures eventually clash, but they leave the natives out of it (or, perhaps more accurately (?), the natives decide to stay out of someone else's war.)

-How much of the other cultures' advanced technology and different social and economic customs would these tribes have adopted?

Since they weren't forced into assimilation, as happened with the much larger and more powerful Western European settlers of 200 years later, would they have continued to live basically the same as they did before contact, or would they have voluntarily taken on aspects of the other cultures, such as advanced tools, hunting techniques, shelter building, etc.?

Previous researchCollapse )

Education and training of GPs in Britain in the 1920s

I am trying to find out what the education and training was in Britain for a doctor who was going to go into General Medical Practice in the 1920s. From the information which I have managed to find through Googling various combinations of '1920s', 'GP', 'General Practitioner', 'education', 'training', 'British', 'medical', 'doctor', 'Britain', and 'history', I think that my character was probably at either Birmingham University or King's College, London (ie the 'new' institutions). I have looked around the websites for both of these institutions but haven't found anything useful there.

I can't find any specifics as to what classes would have been like, what would have been studied, the balance of 'on the job' training in hospitals, and taught lectures etc. Would a student have been assigned to a particular hospital doctor or tutor or GP? Would a student have had any training in General Practice at all? My research has confused me on the question of whether the Medical degrees were specific undergraduate courses, or whether they were purely postgraduate. If the latter, then what first degree would have been a suitable qualification for it, and where would that have been taken?

I would be very grateful for any information on this subject, or recommendations of books or websites. I have tried searching Amazon for suggestions of books to buy on the subject, but can't tell whether any of them would be likely to cover what and when I'm wondering about, and they tend to be pretty expensive, which I'm loathe to pay out if I'm going to get no relevant information or only a couple of lines.

Thank you!

[ANON POST] Addressing members of Imperial family in (roughly) Han-era China.

I've been able to find scads of information about how one was expected to address the Emperor himself (particularly servants), but very little information on how his children, the Empress Consort and military generals might address him in conversation (although I have assumed thus far that military generals would likely address him in much the same way that a servant might. Please correct me if I'm wrong), as well as how someone might respectfully (and disrespectfully) mention him to a third party.

I'm also having considerable trouble finding information about how these other members of the Imperial family might address one another.

I have tried the usual suspects (Wikipedia and Google-fu with varying phrases including "imperial han family addresses," "ancient chinese imperial family dynamic," "speaking to chinese imperial family," and phrasing things as direct questions to the Google search bar -- because sometimes that actually works) as well as tooling around in the academic databases I have access too (like JSTOR) looking for academic papers that might be able to shed some light on the subject, but have had no real luck.

The characters to be addressed are four daughters of the Emperor (one eldest, two twins in the middle and one young one who is not even in her teens), one son (a "crown prince" if you will), and the Empress Consort herself. If anyone can help me out here or point me in the right direction, I'd be grateful!