November 25th, 2011

What language(s) did Edward V and his little brother (the Princes in the Tower) speak?

Hi, all. I'm writing a story about the Princes in the Tower (mid-to-late 1400s England), and I'm having trouble finding information about what language they would have spoken. I know the English royalty used to speak French but gradually transitioned to English. I've found several sources saying that by 1500 most nobles and royals spoke English, but I can't seem to find any more information that would narrow the transition period down. My gut says that they were born close enough to 1500 that they probably spoke English, but this time period isn't anywhere close to my area of expertise and I really want some confirmation of this. Also, if they spoke English, what kind of accent would they have? Would their English be similar enough to the English spoken by peasants that they'd be easy to understand, or would they have problems?

I've checked in several books, including The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages and The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy. I've also checked Wikipedia and tried Googling variations on "What languages did Edward V of England speak?" without finding the answer.

Thanks for any help you can provide--I've been trying to find the answer for months and I just can't seem to get anywhere.

[ANON POST] School newspapers of Japanese high schools?

Setting: Near-future or slightly AU Japan with hidden fantastic elements (the ways in which it differs from real-world Japan would not affect this question, however.)

Question: How are the school newspapers published by Japanese high schools named? There are a number of 'classic newspaper names' in English that get used over and over again, in countless towns and cities and universities and schools: the Record, the Times, the Clarion, the Call, etc. I'm trying to find out if there are any similar naming patterns in the newspapers published by Japanese high schools.

I really only need one name, for the students of the school to use when talking about the paper, but I can't find any examples to base that one on. At least, none that I can use: I can find out that a lot of newspapers in Japan, both school newspapers and professional publications, have names that simply end in simply "Shimbun", the Japanese word for "newspaper." However, I'm going to be mentioning later an actual Japanese newspaper whose name ends in "Shimbun", and I don't want there to be any confusion between the two. (Plus, there's something cheesy in people essentially talking about their school newspaper, the Newspaper.) The closest I've found to what I need is the name of the school newspaper of an American school in Japan, and even though it's a Japanese name (the Japanese word for "fireworks") I have no idea whether that's the sort of thing a Japanese high school in Japan would use for its school paper. Nothing else I've gotten has even been that close.

Search terms: Google "Japanese school" + "school newspaper"; Google "Japanese school newspaper"; Google "school newspapers in Japan"; Google "school newspapers of Japan"; Google "school newspaper" + "Japanese education"; TV Tropes "School Newspaper Newshound"; others...

[ANON POST] Ways to Procure an Abortion in the early 1940's

Most of my searches are coming back with partisan blogs I don't think I can trust and discussions of morality I'm not interested in having so I came to you all!

Setting:I'm writing something that takes place in early to mid 1940's America. The family is also fairly well off financially.

Search Terms: abortion in the 40's, abortion in the 1940's, 1940’s + abortion + United States, I used LJ Seek with the terms abortion + 1940's then abortion + 1940's + little details, I also checked the tags here under 1940's and medicine: reproduction.


I learned many things from those tags but not exactly what I was looking for. I know about the back alley abortions that occurred, but I was wondering other ways a person with means could go about getting one.

-I know people would go abroad for one but is that something that would have been done in the early to mid 1940's?
-How much would the person be charged for the procedure?
-Were there any other relatively safe (next to a back alley abortion I mean) steps a person could take to end a pregnancy?

Thanks in advance for any help you can give me!

[ANON POST] University life, mid-late 19th centry Europe

Setting: Fantasy steampunk setting, but with a mid-late 19th century flavor. Fictional university in a fictional city in a fictional country on a fictional continent that strongly resembles Europe. This city is a fairly major cultural and industrial center, but not a political capital.

I'm looking for general information on what life was like for university students and professors during the mid to late 19th century. I do need a basic grounding in how the academic system itself worked, so I'm not working off stupid assumptions, but what I really desperately need to know is things like where and how they lived, what they did in their spare time, usual state of finances (roughly speaking), etc.

I am not currently basing things on a specific country (though I may wind up doing so) but I would prefer not to be making things up out of whole cloth and then having it not make sense, so I'd like to have a basis in some sort of reality. I assume things varied somewhat from country to country (and from one university to the next) but at this point in story development I can pick whatever setup is convenient to plot and characters, so I'm casting my net wide.

My internet searches have been stymied because adding "university" or "professor" to any search does not, in fact, narrow down the results to things about universities or professors, and rather gives me a lot of general history BY professor so-and-so or articles referencing something published but such and such university. The librarian at the local branch library ran into the same problem searching the databases. Recommendations for specific books I can request from the regional network or interlibrary loan would be great. Advice on better search strategies would also be good.

And an update from the askerCollapse )