October 17th, 2011

Driver's license photos in USA

When did the various states of the US begin to put a driver's photo on his/her license? I'm specifically interested in Texas and Arizona, and in the period from 1965-1975.

Search terms tried so far in various combinations: history driver's licenses, driver's license photos, photo ID history/technology, old driver's license, driver's license history US, Texas driver's license, Arizona et al. I'm getting a lot of pages on how to request your own license history or take a license photo that won't frighten small children. 'Photo ID' mostly nets information on passports (photos weren't required until 1915, FYI), fake ID and current political controversies.

But I have turned up some images of various state licenses from the 1950s and early 1960s that have no photos, only a physical description. I also found a document from the Oregon DMV that mentions photo licenses being issued beginning in 1975. That seems to imply that the technology for photo licenses was developed around the middle 1970s, and that probably most states began to require photos in that general time period. But Texas is frequently a law unto itself, especially where driving is concerned, so it may not be safe to extrapolate. :)

Foster Care & Child Protection Services in Norway, 1970s/80s

Applicable Setting: Norway, 1970s & 1980s
Search Terms: foster care norway, foster children norway, foster care norway multiple children

Alright, I'm back with more questions for the same back story I've previously posted about.
My story revolves around two "brothers" from Norway (the present tense setting of the story is Canada, but for back story purposes the setting is Norway) who grew up together from age 8 onward, but are not truly brothers. One, Tobias, was adopted by a pair of family friends after his family died in a car accident. These family friends, Aleksandra & Alfred, were unable to have children of their own and decided to be foster parents. Søren (and another character, Kathrine) are two of Aleksandra's & Alfred's foster kids. They never return to their biological parents - once placed in this home they remain their until they're adults.

The family has had as many as 5 foster kids in their care at any given time, though Søren and Kathrine are the only ones who stayed for longer than a year or so. I'm thinking the other kids were each either there in emergency foster care situations, where they temporarily couldn't live with their families or were waiting to be adopted, or were subsequently transferred to another foster home.

Question: I've known several families here in Canada who have taken on foster kids, and I've also known quite a few kids who have been in foster care. I know that, depending on a variety of circumstances and criteria, Canadian foster homes can be allowed to take on multiple foster children at a time, and that this is not necessarily limited to cases of keeping siblings in the foster care system together. I am assuming that other countries would have similar rules. Can anyone confirm for me that this is true in Norway, and/or shed some more light on the foster care system there? Thanks!

University Education in Germany

I'm trying to decide which occupation one of my MC's parents should hold prior to coming to America with her son. For that, I need a general idea of how the German university system works, and what amount of time/degrees would be needed for her to get said jobs. I've found some websites, but they're overblown with complicated language, what to do if you're coming from another country and would like a career in Germany, or are in German, which I don't know. So...

Questions are under here.Collapse )

Edit: I found a little info here, but want to make sure I'm interpreting it right: On nursing:Collapse )