July 31st, 2011

Temporary blindness due to head trama

 Er, I'm writing a fanfic of Lewis. What I ideally would like is a way to make the younger character (James Hathaway) temporarily blind. The series is set in Oxford, England nowadays and he would have prompt access to medical help. However, it could happen that he doesn't get help for a little while. I'm toying with the idea of him getting a sizable whack over the head because there would be other side effects that would produce some vulnerable aspects.

I really need to know what the treatment would be, for example, would he need to stay with someone (Lewis)?
Also how long would the symptoms typically last?
Would he be given a cane?
Would they even let him go home

Also any information on what exactly these sites mean by "Confusion" when referring to concussion would mean? It seems to be ambiguous whether there is a lack of recognition of place and time, or just general confusion on everything.

Thank you very much in advance. :)

Search Terms used: temporary blindness caused by concussion, concussion symptoms, confusion from concussion

tailors in 19th century Moscow

My story takes place in early 19th century Moscow, 1838 to be precise. But if I'm willing to bet that info from Paris, London, or other major european metropoles, and throughout the 19th century would be more or less useful to me.

Basically, I'm trying to figure out if a well-dressed, fashionable gentleman (think Byron and Eugene Onegin) would visit a tailor, or if the tailor would have to pay house calls, so to speak.

Is it conceivable that a man would go to a tailor's shop to be measured, or settle his bill, or to buy a cravat, etc? Or is that very unlikely?

I have searched: tailor, tailor's shops, men's fashion, Savile Row, dandyism, and I've spent oodles of time on Dandyism.net, which is a very entertaining and informative site, but I can't quite find what I need.

thank you.

Rifling of Cannonballs and Barrels - When And How Long Would It Take?


I'm here once again asking for help with my story.  I've gotten to the strictly military part.  It's set in a fantasy kingdom somewhere in the 1800-1850 era, European/English.  They use rifles and single-shot pistols.

My question concerns cannonballs.  When did the rifling of cannonballs become commonplace?  Was it before or after this?  I'd like my hero to know the answer, since he's from the present.  Also, does the barrel of the cannon needed to be rifled as well?  How long would this take?  I'm assuming gunsmiths would perform the task.  This is for the rebel army, not the royal army, who wouldn't have rifled cannonballs. 
Googled: cannonballs, types of cannonballs, round shot cannonballs*, rifling of cannonballs, rifling of firearms.

Also, a documentary I watched about a battle (either Culloden or the French Revolution, can't remember) mentioned round-shot cannonballs as cannonballs that would explode and spray fragments.  However, looking up  "round shot cannonballs" only revealed a few entries on round shot as applied to many kinds of firearms prior to the introduction of bullets.

Thank you!

ETA: I've been out of town.  thank you so much for the answers!  I was hoping to think of some modern military device to be introduced to the conflict by the main character, who is from thepresent  Rifling seemed like a good idea.  Oh, well.