August 12th, 2010

John Locke

The Seter or Summer Pasture in Norway

Sorry to post another question so soon after my last...but the reason I need to know the answer to this kind of stems from the answers I got to my last question here.  My setting is medieval Norway, specifically Gudbrandsdal, probably mid 1200s.  I've tried to do research online, and have actually spent months researching the subject in books.  I've found numerous books which addressed the seter (sometimes spelled sæter) or summer pastures in the mountains, but nothing that does much more than touch on it briefly.  I've checked out the wikipedia article on Transhumance, which discusses it briefly but does not answer the specific question I have.  I've done various Google searches ("seter in norway", "seter season", "summer in norway", etc.) but most everything I get is for tourism.  I've also read the wonderful Lisbeth Longfrock which describes seter life, but has no details, again, on the specific question I need answered.  

The question I have is: what time of year did women usually go up to the mountain pastures?  I know it was summer, but what part of summer?  Basically, what is the earliest time in summer that they could be found up there? 

I did find this page, which says: " began herding their cows, sheep and goats up the mountains in the spring, where they would graze throughout the summer."  This is promising, however, considering the source (an article on how getaway cabins are becoming popular in the modern day), it's a bit questionable.  I'd appreciate it if anyone could provide some concrete, reliable information on this.  Thanks again! 

Eye Injuries and Knee Injuries

Okay, so I'm writing a story set in a country resembling America in the present day, but the country is being ripped apart by civil war (the country is fictional). There is no easily available medical care for several miles where the main characters are.

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Any kind of expertise would be much appreciated! Thanks in advance!
Lady 18
  • avierra

Broken Bones in the Italian Renaissance

The time is 1498, in Florence, Italy.

My character breaks his leg in a fall from scaffolding, say 5 or 6 feet up. He falls backwards off it, after tripping over an item that was accidentally placed behind him. I am currently undecided on what bone(s) he breaks, as I want him to have a fairly uncomplicated recovery-- just one that is tedious and long enough to keep him fairly confined and more or less immobilized.

I had thought about having him break his tibia and fibula, but my reading indicates that may be fairly problematic in terms of a decent recovery (and that in some cases it is problematic even today).

The person setting the bone is quite skilled (and is from a line of bonesetters... the wife of the local barber-surgeon-- I have read stuff that indicates that most bonesetters per se were women and it was a family business, so to speak.

1)  If the tibia/femur break is too much of a long shot for a non-crippling recovery, what is a better suggestion?

2) I have seen in this comm that bonesetters and people like them frequently used the herbs feverfew, comfrey/knitbone and boneset for the purposes of speeding healing for broken bones. I know the Renaissance barbers used ox bones as splints, and linen bandages to stabilize the break. I have seen one (scholarly, cited) web page that said they had read a religious text that suggested red clay be used on the bandages (I suppose to strengthen them as with plaster). I have also seen a web page that said (uncited) that Renaissance barbers also used plaster. I am interested in either possibility, but mostly I just want to know how my bonesetter would treat this injury: she'd reduce the break as best she could, pack unguents and herbs around the break, bandage to stabilize it, and then... ?

I have searched Wikipedia for Renaissance Medicine; in here for medicine: injuries: broken bones, italy: history; and Google for
setting bones in the renaissance
treatment of broken bones in the renaissance
medical therapy renaissance
broken bones in the italian renaissance
treatment of fractures in the italian renaissance
Winner 2011

The London Library

Setting: London, 1990
Genre: Urban fantasy

So, I'm American trying to write about London...having never been. Any help you can provide so that my writing sounds more realistic and accurate would be highly appreciated.

Basically, I'm wondering about a ten-year-old joining the London Library in 1990. Would he need parental/guardian signatures? The official site for the library mentioned it, so am I correct in assuming he would need a copy of his birth certificate? Also, I can't find how much it would cost, annually. I found current fees, and I found that in 1981 it was £60, but nothing concrete from the 90's. Was the Carlyle Membership fund already in place by 1990, or is it newer than that?

Also, if anyone knows where to get some good maps of the underground system in London from the early 90's, that would be really helpful. I found some current ones, but nothing older than the early 2000's. If you could, I'd appreciate metro maps that include street names, as well.

Thank you all in advance!
SPN - Sam Book research

Ease of getting medication in new city with no money?

Doing some early research for my NaNo. I've asked a few similar things before, so this might look familiar, but still trying to settle on how the plot is going to go.

My character is 18. He has seizures (epilepsy), but is doing well and they aren't very frequent.

He moves away right after high school. He expects to get a job and settle in. Things don't work out that well for him with finding a job. So money is super tight. He has a few months supply of meds, but those are dwindling. Most of the money he has is going into rent and a bit of food.

He will be moving to Seattle from some other smaller town in Washington that is several hours away. Present day.

1) If he goes into a free clinic, would they be able to help him at all?

2) Would a health care plan that he was on be able to cover for some of his meds. How much would he have to pay out of pocket?

Basically for the storyline, I need him to be living on like 5 dollars a week, plus a few charity meals from a nice neighbor, his meds are running out or becoming less effective so his seizures are getting worse, and he is to the point of killing himself (but then is saved and the main story begins).

I searched for info on free clinics and what medication they can give out, but didn't see anything helpful.

Before opening a bar

I have a couple doing some manual tasks before opening a bar. I want them to stand side by side, being able to talk.

Are there any such tasks?

I started them cutting lemons, but decided that you would do when the customer asks for some cocktail with lemons. Besides, two people cutting lemons seemed absolute overkill. That's a lot of lemons, for the conversation I want them to be having.

Would it be feasible they polish glasses?

I have never worked in a bar, which is why I ask. :)

EDITED TO ADD: Thank you for the help! I think I may have written myself out of the corner I was writing myself into.
stressed out but working hard
  • bozeia

Gunshot Wound To The Neck + Question About Vocal Cord Paralysis Resulting From It

Hello. I had an idea for a story I wanted to try, which admittedly first began with the idea of inflicting a physically traumatic experience and muteness resulting from a trauma/injury. However, I wanted the effect of being mute to be accurate to real life, none of that "highly specific injury" crap. I started researching things like vocal cord paralysis and aphasia and the like.

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