June 25th, 2010

White -- Working

Late 1800's Police Force

This takes place in the late 1800's, USA, Ohio, in a smallish town.
What's got me rather confused is figuring out law enforcement organization during this time period. I've found that some cities had police by this time, and I've found that sometimes it was organized by Marshal-Sheriff-Deputies. I'm not sure whether I can justify a small town by, say, the 1870's having a small police department, or if they'd be under a sheriff or what. Then, I'm having trouble finding information about how either of these would have been organized at this time (particularly early police forces), such as in terminology and ranking.

I can find plenty on England, but I need sources about the US.

16th Century Painting with a closed door

Hey everyone! This is a bit of a long shot, but I thought I would try it.

A friend is writing a novel (current times set in England) and is looking for a 16th Century painting with a closed door preferably showing a handle or a keyhole. It could be from an earlier century but the preference is 16th Century. It could be a painting from an illuminated manuscript instead.

So far we've both checked for 16th century paintings, 16th century paintings with doors, 16th Century art with doors and similiar things. Most paintings if they show doors at all, the doors are open. Most curious.

We'll both spend time this weekend looking in art books (between us we have quite the collection) but if anyone has a suggestion, that would be wonderful. Thank you!

Yamanote line trainwrecks

 Hello! I'm glad I found this community, as I often lose concentration while writing because of stupid details that I want to research...

My first question is about the Yamanote line, one of the railways in Tokyo. I'd like to know if there were any accidents on that line, and if so when and if there were any victims.
The story I need it for is set in modern Shibuya; some characters die in a trainwreck on the line, and I want to know if any other character will find it strange that the train crashed...
I looked on the wikipedia page about the line's history, but I found nothing. Google didn't help much either (my search terms were approximately "yamanote line crash", "trainwreck", "accident"...).

I'd really appreciate the help!