July 7th, 2009

Two Questions: 1906 SF Quake and Clipper Ships

I have a couple of questions that are unrelated but I'm putting them together rather than separate.

1) 1906 SF earthquake/fire: I know a lot of the old photos taken immediately after the quake/fire were 'changed' to show less damage, in order to encourage building and (presumably) get grants from the government to help as well. Recently I have heard how computer program(s) have stripped the 'changed' parts of the old photos to show the actual damage but I can't find any specific references to it.

Can anyone help? I have tried to find this but I get way too many hits and I can't seem to narrow it any better.

2) Does anyone know how to calculate the cost of rebuilding a clipper ship today to its original specs? Also, are there any modern shipbuilders who could do the work? I'm assuming there are and if so, I'd like to know the names. I have a character who says "To rebuild the 'Flying Cloud' you'd have to go to (name of firm); it would cost (X amount of dollars) and (X amount) to pay a crew."

Thanks in advance!

Heroin overdose + suicide attempt. Medical procedures ?

Hi everybody ! After a very strange question about moons and tides, here is something more common.
Settings : in Europe, France or Switzerland (most probably Switzerland)
Time : in maybe 70 years.
The character is female, in her late twenties, quite skinny, not very tall. Sorry, as I'm French, I'll give you metric datas : 165cm tall, 45 kilos. She has a history as an alcoholic, but hasn't touched a drink in five years. Otherwise, her general health is good.
Also, she has a very rare blood type, the kind of thing that would not accept an O- transfusion. But her son and her brother have the same blood type, and can easily be blood donors, so blood supply is not a problem here.
My research so far : lots of things on heroin overdose (and some entries on this community has been very helpful), googling about emergency procedures in case of respiratory arest and cardiact arrest, all seasons of ER ^^.

So, to the facts. The woman is really depressed and learns something horrible. She really wants to kill herself, but as a matter of fact, finds the strenght not to. However, she needs to calm down (she's completly hysterical) and swallows several pills she took from her husband's son (very rebel teenager, who was often using drugs). She doesn't really know what the pills do (she confiscated them because she didn't want the boy to get hurt or become addicted, but he assured her if she took some, she would be really better and more relaxed. Of course, that was never the plan, but in this moment, she remembers the pills and take a few).
Instead of calming her down, she becomes even more depressed and detached from reality. She cut her wrists, but then starts to overdose. The main component of the pills is heroin, or heroin-like. She then falls inconscious, but is found very quickly by her son and her husband.
They do CPR, so she doesn't die from lack of oxygen, but she has lost quite an amount of blood (not lethal by itself, but she will need transfusion). They rush her to the ER, and they probably inject her with Narcan to conter the effects of heroin.
What other medical procedures would they do ? Would they intubate her and put her on a ventilator before injecting the Narcan, as she's been out for at least 30 minutes (but with constant CPR from husband) ? Would they inject the Narcan before anything else ? Would the blood loss affect the dosage of Narcan needed ? Also, what would be done to her heart, that has more or less stopped beating on its own ?
Then, how soon would they do transfusion ? Would they absolutely need to check her blood type, if the brother and the son are here to say she has a rare mutation and they are compatible ?
As she swallowed the pills, would they try to have her vomit them ? The problem with swallowing the pills is that they are slighlty dissolving and passing into her blood stream, and there might be some pills that are not completly dissolved yet and which could backfire after the Narcan injection. If they do make her vomit, what would they use ? Would the fact that she's been an alcoholic for a few years (but in complete recovery) affect the treatment in any way, because of her liver ?
How long would they keep her afterwards ? How long before they take her off the ventilator (if they put her on ventilator in the first place) ? I know Narcan is very effective, but sometimes its life-span is not enough to prevent the heroin from doing more damages to the body, if the effect of Narcan has disappeared and there is still a significatively high amount of heroin in the blood. Would they be monitoring her for the next few hours / couple of days ?

Thanks a lot, I know that's a lot a questions !

Emotional neglect and rape-related PTSD


I've done a quite a bit of research on a character I've created, but since this particular combination doesn't show up much in the scientific literature I figured I'd toss it out here and see if anyone could tell me if I've put the pieces together in a way that works.

Searched thusfar using Google and Google Scholar: emotional neglect, long term effects of emotional neglect, PTSD and rape, emotional neglect and PTSD

Setting: Current/recent US and Europe during a backpacking trip

Cut out of respect for work environments and potential triggersCollapse )

So, does all this ring true to those of you who have knowledge in these matters? Would she be likely to have flashbacks outside of a sexual encounter? How long would it take her to engage sexually without risking a flashback? She's an extremely determined and single minded individual, so I'm assuming that once she decides she wants to be with this new guy she'll be able to overcome the flashbacks, though the memory triggers will probably persist. I'm also thinking that her need to control her emotions and her life, dating back to the emotional neglect but intensified by the rape, will recede somewhat as she comes to terms with her past and her new relationship, but will probably remain present at a reduced level for the rest of her life.

Thanks much!

Aboriginal Seating

When/setting: Sometime in the 1500s when Canada is still a French colony (as in there's no Britons around).

The Native in my story lives in a hut (built by his French companion) but the Frenchman is annoyed that there's only the one chair that he himself brought over. Did the Natives sit on furs or the floor mainly?

I've looked but I'm having major difficulties in finding this. I searched up 'use of furs in Native Canada', 'inside Canadian aboriginal homes', 'Aboriginal Canadian furniture/seats'. Most of the websites I found were mainly about fur-traders, the outside and style of the homes, which homes belonged to which tribes.

It would be best if these answers were about the Natives who lived in Ontario or Quebec but if no one has them then anywhere else (in Canada) would be fine. My character's a little strange like that.