June 29th, 2009


Historical gun help.

I'm not very gun-savvy, but yet again I find myself writing gun-wielding characters! I can find info on guns and when they were made and so on, but I'm feeling completely uncertain with this story so I have come seeking the wisdom of the internet.

Where: USA, Midwest, a family farm
When: mid-1920's-ish, I don't plan on stating an exact date or year, I'm more going for a sense of an era
Searched (awhile ago, to be honest): all manner of variations and combinations of the time period, locale, and guns that I could think of. Turned up nothing helpful.

Question: So, what guns are likely to be found on a family farm in the 1920's? They are not a particularly prosperous farm, but they own the land and while far from wealthy, would not consider themselves poor though the farm surpluses issue of the 1920's has just begun to seriously impact them. The MC, a fifteen year old girl is going to run away from home and take at least one gun with her for protection/hunting purposes. (Also: There's going to be undead about and I'd like her to be prepared with something that could take out/disable a zombie, but if it is unlikely I can work around that)

If you need more info, I'll be happy to provide it. Thank you.

Injuries from stoning

Setting: Fairly generic medieval fantasy

Situation: There's a big crowd gathered, and... long story short, it turns very nasty. I'm intending for the two women that are the focus of this whole mess to end up being stoned by the crowd - the area where everyone's gathered is covered in seashore-style stones of the sort that fit in the hand nicely and are rounded. They were standing on a sort of raised area in front of the crowd but were fairly surrounded, and are going to escape through the one fairly clear route out rather than be rescued or anything.

One of the women is a werewolf and was wearing so very heavily embroidered (and starched and metal-plated and whatever) robes that I'm not going to have to really deal with that. However, the other is an ordinary human, dressed in light clothing, and though she isn't the original target of the crowd she's going to be the one who gets injured.

Question: What injuries are likely to be the result? Obviously, it's the second woman that I'm talking about. Bruises and some cuts I can see easily, but are we talking broken bones? Where are the injuries most likely to be concentrated, presuming that she's able to move freely enough to cover her head (instinctively)? If the werewolf steps in and tries to protect the human a bit as they're escaping, could that really have any shielding effect?

Also, how much worse are things likely to get with several hours hard riding? There's going to be someone to hold her on the horse, but they really can't get a healer from the town as... well, for things to go this badly wrong you can bet they've pissed off the entire community. Magic in this world means that as long as this isn't likely to be fatal in that time then I can work with it, but it suddenly occured that the travelling part might not be very smart.

"stoning", "stoning to death", "death by stoning" - got me a lot of religious arguments, so I gave up after a couple of pages
"injuries stoning" - kidney stones, mostly
"lapidation" - couldn't find anything useful
"injuries lapidation" - as above

I have also read "Birds Without Wings" by Louis Berniere, and remember there was a stoning scene in that, but I can't get hold of a copy of it right now and I think there were other injuries involved as well - the character was getting hit and kicked? The characters in this scene aren't going to get closed on that quickly.

I'd also rather not have any videos, if that's possible... I know there are some out there, but I've been trying to avoid them. Sorry if that makes life difficult.

What traits might a reindeer had if geneticaly modified with triats from these other species?

Searches: besides spending hours on wikipedia, I have searched "riding reindeer", "reindeer Physiology", "herd Reindeer" and other terms. This post requests exrapollation and impossible genetics, so research has limited usefullness compared to vetrinary knowledge and extrapolation.

Setting: Low magic fantasy world, very close to clockpunk level of technology, but lacking ACTUAL clockpunk features

I have a tribe of people that live in a cold area of my world. I want them to have an exotic mount of some kind. I have always been fascinated by the idea of people riding reindeer, and so I decided this could be perfect with a little work. First, to be able to carry a lightly armed an armored knight, a reindeer would have to be much taller than they normally are, with a shoulder of at least 19-20 hands tall (about 7 feet?). I have read that their backs are not as strong as horses, requiring they be ridden foward to the shoulder area. This doesn't fit well, so I am going to have to change this. A powerful figure did a whole bunch of genetic screwing around on this continent; this gives me a little bit of license to experiment. How much stronger would a reindeer need to be to carry a 200 lb man with 60 pounds of armor and 30 pounds of gear? Is there something structurally unsound about their back, or are they just weak muscled? What is it about a horse's back that is stronger? If I use magic allow crossbreeding with a horse like a Clydesdale, what will change structurally, in theory.

The best Reindeer skeleton pics I have found:

I also want to give them a cool method of communication. I have read that Llamas will hum to each other as communication, in addtion to braying whent threatened. Is this unique to llama physiology, or could any of these animals do it with proper mental conditioning and instincts? Is this a major alteration or something minor I could just include?

Finally, if I don't call them reindeer (avoiding all of the santa-related references, as well as avoiding having to go into too much detail about these physiological changes), what should I make them? Do you have a cool name which is as simple as reindeer but different and still connotating deer?