December 4th, 2008

Origins of expression

Okay, I have been poking around the web all afternoon trying to find an answer to this question, and I am at my wit's end.

There is an oft-repeated adage to the effect that generals are always prepared to fight the last [previous] war. My question is where this expression comes from, and, if it's a quotation, who said it and what the exact quotation was.

Any ideas?

why do call the king's beau?

Setting: AU Kingdom (Novia)
When: The equivalent of 15th-ish century England
Googled: non-royal spouse of king/queen, non-noble spouse of king/queen, spouse of king/queen, how would a non-royal spouse of a king/queen be addressed, how would a non-noble spouse of a king/queen be addressed, how would a commoner spouse of a king/queen be addressed, gay spouse of king/queen, gay lover of king/queen, gay royal marriage (yep, all of it's related)

Okay, here's the situation. MC, through a long process that's just a little too complicated to get into, finds himself in service to the king. After moving up the ranks in the King's army, he is named heir to the throne (the king has no kids, no spouse). King dies, MC becomes the new King. Beau of King finds a way (still long and complicated to explain) to get to his man. After more long processes, they decide to get married. How would the subjects of the kingdom address Beau? I can dig out the details of the wedding, there's a post about it on here.

drafting practices in a large shipyard, circa 1950



I am trying to research how a drafting/design department in a large shipyard in the 1950s would have worked, what type of instruments they would have used, how bluelines would be produced, that sort of thing. I know a fair amount in general about graphic design and architecture (I studied both at the Savannah College of Art and Design) but pre-CAD and desktop publishing practices kinda elude me. I have read the articles on Wikipedia and searched google high and low on the topic and found little: everyone states that prior to the advent of graphics-capable computers things were done by hand, but no one is providing specifics that I can use to furnish the interior of a busy shipyard's drafting dept. Can any of you guys help out?

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