May 17th, 2008

just chill okay? | panda

Japanese illiteracy?

When: Now, post-2000 also acceptable.
Where: Modern Japan.
Research: googled variations of japanese + language + illiteracy + celebrities, wiki'd Japanese language

In an old article, I read that the average Japanese student needs 12 years of schooling to learn enough kanji (characters) to get by in daily life. Interesting. Added on to the end of this paragraph:

"Since many Japanese entertainers get famous early, and drop out of school to act or sing, they often cannot read...These people may remain illiterate all of their lives."

I was going to write a short piece about this, except that I don't know any illiterate celebrities. How do they get by in daily life? Do they make any attempt to learn to read? Preferably Japanese, but I'm willing to take Chinese or English if s/he can't read for a reason that isn't medically related (read: Tom Cruise and dyslexia - I heard through the grapevine that his ex-wife Nicole Kidman read his scripts to him).

Just how widespread is the problem - can I assume that any Japanese pop star who made it big as a kid can't read more than 50 kanji?

Links would be most helpful. In English.

* Yes, you may go off-topic. I teach English in rural Taiwan, it's not the quite the same as teaching 40 Japanese teenagers the same topic.

History of reckless endangerment law

The setting in question is a Steampunk world based roughly on 1890s Europe and America, the heroes come from the Britain equivalent, but they are familiar with American laws. I am assuming that they won't see anything wrong with risks and behaviours we would consider outrageous, but even they would draw the line somewhere.

My questions are as follows:

When did the first reckless endangerment laws come about?

In what way, if any, did they differ from modern reckless endangerment laws?

Are there any other laws that could be used against someone who has placed another human being in very grave danger?

I have tried googling it but I couldn't find anything useful that way.

EDIT: Removed the example since it only confused the issue.

Cage fighting

I'm trying to write about a cage fighter, but he's not a professional by any means, and wiki only seems to have information on the Ultimate Fighting Championship. This guy is trying to stay under the radar, so he won't be doing anything very highly regulated. I'm wondering- what are the basic rules? What kind of money can he expect?

Thanks!

I've googled "Cage fighting" and "Bare knuckle boxing", and wiki'd the same.