Location: Probably irrelevant, but I'll say either Western Europe or North America.
Time: Late 18th century to early 19th century (i.e. about 1775 - 1815)
Search Terms Used (q. 1): "18th century madhouse" (also "+ clothing"), 18th century mental asylum" (also "+ clothing"), and the same terms with "19th century" in place of "18th century". I also looked up the madhouse pictures from A Rake's Progress, but they were a bit earlier than what I'm looking for.
Anyway, here is my question: did inmates in late 18th/early 19th century mental asylums simply wear whatever they had been wearing when they were brought in, or was there some kind of 'uniform'? The character in question is currently wearing a military uniform (would he be allowed to wear this?): as my story stands, he's pretty much dragged straight into the asylum the moment he sets foot on home soil. Which leads to my next question...
Location and Time: As above.
Search Terms Used (q. 2): "insanity military discharge 18th century", and "19th century" in place of "18th". (I wasn't really sure how to even begin this search, and most of the results were unhelpful and/or concerning syphilis. Which my character is not suffering from. He is, however, definitely insane.)
Simply, would he be considered discharged from the army (either honourably or dishonourably) due to being committed to a mental asylum?
ETA: I have my second question answered, thanks to my Napoleonic history buff boyfriend. (Why did I not think of calling him in the first place?) So I just need info for question 1, I guess.
ETA#2: I think I'm probably sorted now folks. Thanks!