Little Details

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Entries by tag: ~architecture

How Were Graphs and Charts Prepared in the 1950s?
Searches: graphs and charts 1950s gouache
graphs and charts 1950s paper
graphs and charts 1950s letraset
preparing graphs and charts in the 1950s
how graphs were prepared in the 1950s
hand-drwan graphs in the 1950s
office graphs before desktop printing

This is one of those things you never think about until it comes up -- I assume that prior to easy desktop publishing, any bar charts, zig-zag graphs, etc. used in an office environment would have had to be drawn by hand, but I don't know if there was a standardized method. Would they (as I imagine) have typically been drawn in pencil on a large sheet of graph paper, then filled in with gouache or watercolour paints? Would captions have been hand-lettered, or added in letraset? Were there standardized colour codes, like, say, blue for projected figures and red for actual figures, or was that all up to the person preparing the chart?

More specifically, here's my scenario -- the company is a small architectural firm, so they've got several draughtsmen on hand. Could they just tell one of the junior ones "our accountant's preparing some figures for a meeting tomorrow, would you mind turning them into a graph," or would that be ridiculously far outside his job description? My own office experience is that as the person who knows how to use both Excel and various graphic-design programs, I get called upon by everyone for everything, but it's possible someone specifically trained in architectural drawing would be assumed to be above that sort of thing. (My story pretty much requires that he *does* stay late to help with the graph, but I'm wondering if his boss should ask it as a special favour, or just as a matter of course.)

What is the name of the sunken area in front of a Victorian terraced house
Brisbane River
Location: UK

Setting: A large Victorian terrace house, now converted to flats, with a flight of steps up to the main front door. Under the steps is a separate front door to the basement flat. That door is lower than ground level.

What I am asking is, what is the term for the area outside the basement flat. I have always called it the 'area', but my beta was unfamiliar with that term, so I wondered if it is regional and there is a more commonly accepted alternative.

In my searches I have seen it called a front garden and a veranda, but those are not right.

I have taken some photos from around where I liveCollapse )
The last one is closest to what I have in mind.

I have googled terms such as, 'Victorian Terrace Front Space', 'Victorian house sunken area' (and many variations on that), 'Victorian basement flat floor/ground plans' (and clicked on any image that looked promising), 'Architecture terminology' (with various additions) and 'Victorian architecture terms'.
I used the sentence that is the title to this post and I have looked through RIBA and other architecture sites.
I have searched estate agents' sites looking at basement flats, but like the floor plans, they all concentrate on the interior.

Any suggestions that I could google further would be welcome.
Thank you.

bedroom in a bell tower; trans* in seminary?
maurice | to caper on the summit.
I'm writing a story set in Ronceverte, West Virginia, sometime during or after the 1970s, and want to use the town's Catholic church as the main stage.

Problem is, I'm not too clear on where the administrative or residential quarters tend to go in small/parish churches - my art history textbooks don't quite address that sort of detail, and searching online for permutations of "romanesque revival architecture" or "blueprints" or even "bedroom in belltower" hasn't helped in the right way. There's a Protestant church near my neighborhood and it looks like its priest has a separate house next door, but I don't know if this is anywhere near standard practice for small Christian churches.

Some helpful images of the church are here, and here's a three-quarters view I pulled from Google.

Would it be possible to have a residential room in the bell tower, or would that be completely nonsensical and only a stairwell can go there? And what about things like a kitchen, study or library, i.e. living quarters?

And - just to cover my bases - would it be possible for a trans* man to get through Roman Catholic seminary without being kicked out, if he's going stealth? None of my (admittedly cursory) research on RC seminaries has indicated any potentially serious/dangerous situations, so I was assuming yes, but when you assume....

Thanks in advance!

ETA: Thank you to everybody who provided answers and stimulating discussion. For future tag-browsers, the comments also cover details of daily rural parish business; the day-to-day life of a rural parish priest/pastor; seminary life; RC thinking on transgender people in general as well as in the ministry; and there's some good discussion of RC thinking on personal sacrifice and faith.

Architecture of Chinese Suburbs
music, serious face
I'm wondering if there exist suburbs anywhere in China that are -

(a) Not full of "American-style" houses
(b) Not full of "traditional" houses
(c) Not apartments

Like, for example ... if you look at images of suburbs in Japan, you can see houses that aren't traditional but still have a sort of Japanese style about them. They might look strange if you plopped them down in the American Midwest.

I want to know if there's a Chinese equivalent. I can find information on how new "American style" homes are being built in "American style" suburbs, and I can find information about apartment complexes and housing bubbles... but before the "American style" thing caught on, were there houses in suburbs that weren't traditional but weren't American either? Can I find pictures of those somewhere?

I've tried all sorts of combinations of "china", "chinese", "suburb", "house", "new", "modern," "contemporary," etc, and only get stuff that's of economic or architectural interest. I'm not sure if this means what I'm looking for didn't exist, or people just find it boring.

EDIT FOR CLARIFICATION: I am not looking for information on traditional styles of houses. I have plenty of information on those! I would be surprised if you could point me to a traditional style I'm not already aware of.

I specifically want to know what a newer house in a Chinese suburb would look like if it wasn't built in an American style or built to look like a traditional house - or know that such a thing doesn't exist.

Edit: I found this picture, which may give a better idea of what I'm looking for. I have no idea how common this look is (and it looks like it's for rich people), but as you can see, there are some traditional influences but it's not really traditional.

Architecture of an ancient Greek fishing village
Hi everyone! I'm working on a story which is set in Bronze Age Greece - well, sort of, as in, more based on a recent movie-Bronze Age Greece than anything which really historically happened.

But I still want my Bronze Age fishing village to be fairly realistic, and it's killing me that I can't picture what it would look like. Would there be houses made of stone or wood? And 'houses' would mean one-room huts, I think, or not?

I've searched a lot (I won't say 'googled' because I used DuckDuckGo, which doesn't have quite the same cachet when you turn it into a verb) but mainly I get detailed descriptions of temples and palaces, and in one exception, a big 'house of many rooms' which was a residence for the whole village. But that's not what I had in mind, it's inland, and I supect it wouldn't work on the coast. I basically want a small, very humble coastal fishing village, and no, search engine, I don't want to buy an 'ancient' house in a Greek village (when did 17th Century become 'ancient'?).

Have used the following search terms: ancient Greek fishing village, ancient Greek architecture, Greek fishing and many similar ones.

Thanks for any help!

Edit: Thanks everyone! I feel my question has been answered and I know what to do now! Thanks so much for all your help!

Layout of National Maritime Museum, Greenwich
My story is set in the modern day and involves an attempted theft of Harrison's longitude "sea watch" H4 from the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. The story is intended as a Christmas gift, so I've not time to get to Greenwich and look at the museum and I've not been able to find much useful online wrt. the museum's layout.

I'm obviously specifically interested in the Gallery where the H4 is displayed. What does the gallery look like? What does the display look like? But also if there are any convenient corridors nearby where someone might conceal themselves in a broom closet or similar until museum closing time (they have magic SF tech for the actual theft though any details of security would also be useful - I'm assuming the H4 is in a glass display case, for instance).

I've checked out the museum web page (here) and tried Googling "National Maritime Museum Greenwich", "National Maritime Museum Greenwich interior" and "National Maritime Museum Greenwich layout" both in google and in google images. I've found some architects drawings (Rich Mather's Web Page) but these are difficult to interpret without, in particular, knowing the location of the H4 within the museum. I was hoping that the museum would have its visitor map/pamphlet online but have been unable to find it. If it is online and someone has a link that would be great!

Buildings in Modern Day Bath
P&P Heart
Setting: Modern Day UK--all over, but my questions specifically have to do with Bath
Searches: "Abandoned buildings in Bath", "Derelict buildings in Bath", "Hampton Row Bath, UK", "Temples and Shrines in Bath", "Temples and Shrines in Aquae Sulis", "Aquae Sulis places closed to public"

I'm writing a fantasy story set in the UK in which two characters without any magical ability are attempting to break two characters with magical ability out of a location that relies mostly on magic for its security (and is, therefore, much less secure against non-magical means). The two non-magical characters are incredibly intelligent and resourceful, as well as being in decent health and young (early to mid 30's).

What I need is a place where the magical characters are being held. It has to be in Bath (the justification in the world I'm building is that the properties of the springs enhance the magic of the place), and the closer it is to where the main springs are located, the better. I was hoping that my search would lead me to find either a room in the Roman Baths complex that is closed to the public--or, at least, rarely visited--but I've widened my search to derelict and abandoned buildings in the city.

I've had two hits--Hampton Row and the Longacre buildings--but I've been unable to find much information on either.

So, what I'm really asking is:

1. Are there any closed rooms in the Roman Baths complex that I can take advantage of?

2. If not, how abandoned/derelict are Hampton Row or the Longacre buildings? Are they sufficiently far away from main roads and the majority of the traffic flow?

3. If none of the above seems feasible for the scenario I mentioned, can you suggest alternatives?

This is my first post, so I hope I'm doing this correctly.

Old London Bridge
blue eyes
I've spent the last two days googling various sites with information about Old London Bridge but haven't been able to find what I need for my story, which is set in 1800 when London Bridge is almost 600 years old and due to be replaced (they were already discussing possible alternatives in 1798).

This is the bridge that was covered in houses for much of its life. It had 20 arches of differing sizes, a drawbridge to let shipping through. It caused enough of a barrage across the Thames that the huge volume of water held back formed a water height differential of approx. 6 feet at times and rapids between the piers and the 'starlings' that helped to protect them made navigation extremely dangerous. Taking a craft under the bridge was known as 'shooting the bridge' and was something best done by experienced 'watermen'. (Passengers often used to get out and walk round while their watermen took the boats under.)

Wikipdia offers reasonable information and there are illustrations on the 'London Bridge Experience' site. Googling Old London Bridge and London Bridge brings up a lot of sites which offer the same information in marginally different formats. There is plenty of information on the bridge prior to the medieval houses being removed (1758-1762) and plenty of information on the new London Bridge (completed 1831) but very little about the bare bridge between the removal of the houses and the demolition in 1831. A big 69 year gap in the available history!

I would really appreciate the answers to the following.

After the removal of houses from the medieval bridge in 1762  the two central arches were reconstructed to provide a single wider arch for navigation. How did that alter the basic bridge structure and the tidal flow beneath it? Specifically:

a) was there still a drawbridge to allow tall masted vessels to pass through the bridge? If so what mechanism was used to raise and lower it?

b) was there still a dangerous tidal surge of water through the arches of the bridge and was the surge as dangerous through the wider arch? What was the optimum time for a vessel to pass through the wider arch? i.e. was the surge smaller as the tide turned? Low tide? High tide?

c) if the surge altered direction with the tide, was the inward surge (east to west) less fierce than the outward surge (west to east) as the latter would include the volume of fresh water flowing down river as well as the exiting tidal water?

Many thanks

Buckingham Palace floorplan?
I'm writing a steampunk Victorian era novel, and someone is murdered in a palace much like Buckingham. Is there a way that I can get a detailed floorplan of the palace? I have searched google for maps but have not been able to find much that is very detailed, I assume for security reasons. If you know of a good map, I would very much like to know where I could look at one online.

Is someone able to tell me enough about what the interior would be like in where the royal bedrooms are in reference to dining rooms, ball rooms, offices, drawing rooms, and the like? Which floor is the Queen's room on? Any info you have on the interior, including what it looks like, would be a great help.

Layout of medieval manor (Cijara, in Spain)
Just passin' through
Greetings.  Long-time lurker, first time poster, always interesting stuff I see here.

Basically, I am helping run an rpg set in early 13th century Castile (Ars Magica).  We have decided to base our covenant (where the magi live and work) in Casa Palacio de Cijara.  However, we've found conflicting sites about the age of the manor (some say 17th century, some say 13th-14th).

What we're looking for is, was this place around in the late 12th-early 13th century?  And if so, what was the layout of the place?  We're looking for something like a floorplan?

And if it wasn't (we can handwave, say it did), would would the layout of a manor house (if that's the right word) that looked similar to that be?

Did several google searches for layout cijara, floor plan cijara, architecture cijara, layout/floor plan Spain/Spanish manor, with no results.  Found some nice pictures of arched walkways, et cetera around Spain, but nothing like what I'm looking for.

Any help would be much appreciated.

falling from a tree house
Two teenagers are visiting a tree house they built/ played in when they were young. One of them gets upset and pushes the other off the top step.

Setting: modern day small town in Ohio. The tree is in the forest near their houses.

My questions:

1. What kind of injuries could he sustain and how severe would they be? I'm mostly looking for ideas here, because the guy will get good care. I'm not sure how tall the tree is (average height I suppose), but I would guess the tree house is probably only about 15' off the ground (not sure about that either, I'm pretty awful with visualizing height xD ). The guy is 17, about 6'3" and muscular.

2. How many able-bodied men would it take to build said tree house in the first place? I want them to finish it fairly quickly, say in like 2 weeks. How much help could two 7 year old boys be?

3. What might the tree house look like? I think it's just a little one room shed, nothing fancy, but again, looking for unique ideas, like a chair nailed higher in the tree as a crow's nest.

4. The tree house is made out of plywood, scraps and packing crates, definitely not high end stuff. How well would this stand up to 10 years of Ohio weather? Is there any way it would still be in good condition?

Terms googled: tree house, fall from tree house, how high is a tree house, build a tree house. I went through the tags here.

Architectural nomenclature question
There's a specific name for the type of ceiling where it's like a four-way intersection between arches (pictureCollapse )) it was used a lot in Gothic cathedrals and medieval mosque architecture. I can come up with a lot of images of them by putting 'arch ceiling' into a Google search, but I can't figure out the proper name of that architectural feature. It's been a few years since I studied castle architecture properly and I remember just enough to know where I'm missing pieces...

Roman God of Architecture/Building/Construction?
amelia pond. doctor who
Setting: Imperial Rome

Google Search:
many combinations of roman gods/deities, myths, building, stone-workers, construction, craftsmanship etc, etc...

Google has pointed me to a couple of refereces that name Ceres as the Roman Goddess of Architecture, although most references seem to link her with agriculture instead. Hephaestus/Vulcan also came up but seems more oriented towards metal-working and blacksmithing? Ideally, I'm after a god with an afinity for building stone and rock.

Thanks in advance for any guidance you can give!

historical buildings in Venice, Italy?
Merlin is overjoyed!
Setting: Venice, Italy in the 1500's
Research: "historical buildings in Venice" "administrative/ noble buildings in Venice" "important buildings in Venice"

Question and context: I'm writing an Assassin's Creed 2 fic that involves breaking into a heavily guarded building in order to do an assassination.

I'm looking for any important building that has some sort of tie to the noble class.

I would've gone with the San Marco Basilica, but I wanted to do something that was a little less obvious.

What Would His House Look Like?
mobius ants
Time - Now

Place - West Midlands, England (Shropshire or Herefordshire, somewhere like that)

Research - 'english/herefordshire/shropshire house features', 'england house'

Question - I have a character who has moved from Australia to the UK. He's writing a book, and apparently he needs to commune with things like Iron Age forts and so on :P

His new home is in an unnamed town or village, with maybe 2000 people at most, and I'm trying to figure out what his house would look like - size, distinctively English things that he may not be used to in an Australian house and so on. So far, all my results seem to point to guest-house deliberately picturesque type places, which I'm assuming is either not the norm or would cost a bit more money than usual because they're so picturesque...

What might he notice about his new place if he found himself living in a fairly normal village house? What would be different? I'm thinking of stuff like having no drier and drying his clothes on a line, little things like that.

Can anyone help me with visual references?

St Paul's Cathedral, bell clapper repair.
Does anyone know when the pin holding the clapper in Great Paul broke and the clapper went through the clock? And how long was the bell silent while awaiting repair.
And then when did the clapper itself break through metal fatigue? And how long did that repair take?

Search terms in various combinations:- Great Paul, bell clapper, repair, St Paul's.

Edit I've since discovered that Great Paul was silent from 1964, when they could no longer find a team of four men to swing the bell manually, until 1971 when an electrical system was installed. But this is not the period when the clapper was broken.

hanging suicide in a barn - the how and the psychological aftermath
The Fool
I have a bit of a two parter here.

This particular bit of novel takes place on normal ol' Earth, during the mid to late nineties, making the characters involved teenagers in high school. The FMC walks onto the scene of a suicide due to a misunderstanding, having intercepted a note meant for the recently deceased's girlfriend.

So, part one -  What I'm struggling to fully picture is the how.

Male character has hanged himself in a barn. The Googling of obituaries and such seems to imply most people hang themselves from the rafters when killing themselves in a barn.  How would one go about getting up there? If the barn is relatively small, would they be terribly high up off the ground? Aside from the obvious rope, is there anything handy in a barn to hang one's self with?

This all seems terribly morbid to ask, but I haven't been in that many barns... And Google images of barn interiors really aren't helping.

And part two  - The psychological ramifications on my FMC.

The story itself is something of a slipstream fantasy, but kind of rooted back to a trauma from FMC's school days. She wasn't terribly  close to the recently deceased. She's an antisocial person but before the aforementioned misunderstanding, she was led to believe this guy had feelings for her and wasn't entirely put-off by the idea.

She's twenty-five in the bulk of the story but getting confronted with reminders of this particular scene from her past on a subconscious level. I'm not wondering how this would affect her so much as I'm wondering if anyone here has dealt with something similar or knows someone who has.

I've walked in on the failed suicide attempt of a close family member and can imagine this is a touchy subject for people who have gone through it. But if anyone is willing  to share their experience via comment or private message, it would be much appreciated.

Edit:  As I forgot the obligatory "Thanks in advance!" ... Thank you very much to everyone who has responded. You've been very helpful. And thank you to anyone who responds after I save this edit. I'm sure you'll be very helpful too.

Location of tack and feed in a medieval barn
Setting: Syria, near the end of the Third Crusade.

I'm trying to figure out where tack (saddles, bridles, et cetera) and animal feed tended to be kept in barns or stables constructed in this period of time, assuming they were kept there at all. That's pretty much it. I just want to know if a character can have 'retrieving a saddle' as an excuse to wander into a barn/stable, and if so, I want to know where they'd grab it from. Very much a little detail, but I'd be deeply appreciative if anyone could help me out.

Search terms:
-where saddles were kept in medieval barns
-medieval barns saddles
-tack feed medieval barns
-where tack and feed were kept in medieval barns
-medieval barns
-layout of medieval barns
-construction of medieval barns

What's On The Rooftops of New York City
Mr Wubbles 2.0
This is a personally embarrassing question for me as I was born and raised in New York City. :)

Setting: Modern times, 2010
Location: Chelsea, New York City

Scenario: I have 2 characters running across the rooftops of two factory type buildings in a typical chase scene. My dilemma is I don't know the exact names of what's on top and I can't keep using the terms vents, ducts, water towers forever.

Can anyone help me with identify what is typically on a NYC rooftop?

Search terms:

GOOGLED: new york city buildings, nyc buildings, new york city structures, nyc structures, nyc rooftops, industrial roof tops, water towers, chelsea structures

WIKI: water towers, architecture in new york city, tenements, new york city neighborhoods


Thank you!

Interior door locks in 19th century
english blows up
Would interior doors -- bedroom doors, bathroom doors etc. -- of a middle-to-upper-class house in Victorian England have locks? (Specifically, the counties of Surrey and East Sussex in the 1850s, if it matters.)

(Attempted Googles: door locks 1800s, door locks victorian era, interior door locks 1800s, interior door locks victorian era)