Names in Ukrainian - James

Hullo! I'm hoping for some clarification. I have a character named James. He has a Ukrainian neighbor that he's known all his life. She calls him James or very occasionally the appropriate diminutive.

Google translate says 'James' is 'Dzheyms'

Wikipedia and a couple of origins of names sites say 'James' is 'Yakiv'.

Which is correct? And what would be the equivalent of the diminutive (Jimmy, Jamie) in Ukrainian of the correct translation?

Thank you!

Sites checked:

Skin condition to order (modern-day London, possibly drug-related)

Setting: modern-day London

I have a minor character who's the local drug dealer. I need him to have some kind of skin condition.

- It can't be something like a port wine stain which is simply a birthmark, or a symptom of something serious like cancer; it has to be something which could, theoretically, be cleared up with the use of topical creams/ointments. (I'm not saying that any characters would know whether it could be cleared up or not, just that someone without medical knowledge would look at it and say 'hey, you should talk to your GP [doctor] about getting something to put on that'.)

- It needs to be long-term. However, given his lifestyle, he is not talking to his GP about it, so it could be something that might easily be cleared up, but that he just isn't dealing with.

- It doesn't matter whether it's contagious or not, since no one wants to touch him or get near him anyway!

- It needs to appear on his face. Other parts of his body are also fine, but the face is essential. More specifically, it needs to appear on only one side of his face. (A tiny bit on his other side is okay.)

- It has to be large enough that it's immediately noticeable, to the extent where he's referred to along the lines of 'the guy with [description] on his face'.

- It needs to be very obviously something that's not a common facial skin condition, so not 'really bad acne' (even though acne can be a side effect of heroin use) or rosacea.

- Anything that is known to develop because of/be exacerbated by long-term drug use would be a bonus. However, I do NOT want to go down the crystal meth route, and this factor is not essential; he could just be a scary guy who happens to have bad skin.

I've looked around the internet (as much as I could stand!), both for skin conditions on their own and skin conditions caused by drug use. This page had many options:

It seems like psoriasis, seborrheic eczema, or ichthyosis vulgaris might be my best options, so any thoughts about those would be welcomed, or any other possibilities!

Thanks very much.

Cafe in 1970s London

I've tried many Google searches for things like restaurants and cafes in London in the 1970s (or '60s or '80s just to get closer), food prices in the UK at this time, and an inflation calculator, which kind of spat out decontextualized and unhelpful numbers. I have also looked through older tagged posts in this community. None of that was terribly helpful for my scenario, so here goes.

I have a scene in which a character needs to buy a sandwich at a cafe in London in the mid-to-late seventies, and I need to know how much that would cost. I am also wondering about the plausibility of such a cafe/neighbourhood existing. Ideally the neighbourhood the cafe is in is becoming more affluent/white collar despite times being hard for the country in general (I describe the clientele there as sort of sold out former hippies and banker types). I don't know how plausible that is or what is an appropriate neighbourhood in London to have as the setting, but have managed to avoid referring to a specific borough, and could probably cut down the above clientele description if I have to. However, I'm having a surprisingly hard time avoiding mentioning the price of a sandwich in dialogue. That specific bit of info would be much appreciated, as would any comments on the plausibility of this scenario in general - e.g., would a cafe that sold things like scones and other pastries and cream cheese sandwiches have been called a cafe at that time? Would it have had the tiered pricing with slightly cheaper prices for orders you take out and slightly more expensive prices for things you eat on the premises?

Thanks in advance, and mods, please let me know if I need to fix anything about this post.

Strange missing persons case

I have tried to look into this, but the subject matter is odd enough that it is hard to google.

In a city or town (in a generic western country) about a dozen people have gone missing over the last couple of weeks. They did not go missing at the same time, they had varying ethnicity, age, gender, and so forth. The only commonalities between them is as follows:

1. They were all in roughly the same area when their cellphone cut off.
2. Afterwards most of them have had repeated, virtually identical credit-card charges made from the same vending machine card readers. Said charges are relatively small, but seem somewhat inflated.
3. None of them can be reached, nor has any of them communicated with the outside world.
4. So far all of them have been adults.

How long would it reasonably take for the police to spot a pattern and realize the cases are connected (given that there is no connection between most of them)?

When would there be a major manhunt / search operation in the area? Would bloodhounds or the like be used?

Would the creditcards or the creditcard reader be blocked? Or would they be allowed to remain open in an attempt to track them? If the reader is not where the registration papers says it should be, how would you go about tracking it?

Once more this is one of those cases where "weird schemes" meet reality.

Translation into Breton

This is probably a long shot, but I'll ask anyway =)

I'm writing a fantasy novel set in a somewhat parallel world with a bunch of (mashed-up) fantasy-counterpart cultures, time period being roughly equivalent to 16th century. Specifically in this case I'm dealing with a culture that lingustically borrows heavily from Brittany. Because I happened to hear some Breton folksongs a few years back and fell head over heels in love.

Being of non-English background myself, I've seen my first language used awkwardly/improperly in fiction, and, while I personally don't find it offensive, just funny, I'd like to avoid it with Breton if at all possible. It's a beautiful language and I'm afraid to maul it - while at the same time I like it so much I'm not afraid enough not to use it at all. If that makes any sense.

So, if anyone out there who knows Breton or resources on Breton is reading this - please help? I would generally love a good "teach yourself Breton" resource if it exists (I seem to be stuck with this culture for at least a trilogy), but more immediately I need the following three things:

1. Titles.
How do noble titles work in Breton? I know there are aotrou/itroun, but I don't get what exactly those titles are, since there also seem to be regular titles' equivalents (dug, kont, etc). Are those just generic lord/lady denoting nobility? Can you have a lot of people titled aotrou at the same time, or is it only applied to the current overlord, like the Duke of Brittany (an aotrou Yann from "An alarc'h")?

2. A snippet of conversation
A (female, if it matters): It cannot be, my lord. It simply cannot be. [As in, he just told her something and it's freaking impossible.]
B (male, if it matters): I know. [As in, yeah, it sounds impossible, but...]

After raking the internet I came up with the following:
A: Ne’m eus ket, aotrou. Ne’m eus ket nemet.
B: Gouzon.
Is that correct? Also, is it ne'm or nem?

3. A battle cry
Something like "to arms" or "arise, X" (X being the name of the country, so 2nd person singular, "you")., which is the best online Breton dictionary I've managed to find,  has nothing certain for "arise" or "to arms", but it gave me dihuniñ for "awake". The Wiktionary seems to show that singular "you" imperative of -iñ verbs cuts off the ending. I'm still not sure, however, if "Dihun, X!" sounds like a call to arms or like "wakey-wakey, sweetie". Besides, for all I know, dihuniñ might be irregular and do something completely different in imperative.

There's also the phrase d'an emgann (dan emgann?) in "An alarc'h", which, insofar as I could figure out, means "to battle". Which would work beautifully, except I wouldn't want to lift it wholesale if it's already a traditional battle-cry.

Any help is greatly appreciated!

[Anon Post] Drug Lord Hiring Non-Criminal Staff

Setting: Fictional country, 1970s-current
I've tried various Google searches, but, basically, if your search includes "hiring," Google assumes you're looking for a job. I've also found information on how crime organizations recruit and initiate members, but nothing on civilian work, so to speak.

How would the leader of an international drug empire go about hiring chefs, personal assistants, tailors, and other non-criminal employees? He can't just pull people from his own organization, since he wants the best of the best, and not many world-class chefs are involved in organized crime. While I'm sure there are top-of-their-field professionals who would have no qualms about working for a drug lord, how would he find them? Placing an honest job opening on the internet ("Work for me! I'm a notorious criminal!") seems like a good way to attract law enforcement, but hiding his identity would probably make it harder to find applicants who would fit well with his lifestyle. Once he has some candidates, how would he interview and screen them?

Additionally, how would he accomplish this in the 70s and 80s, pre-internet? Quite frankly, how did anyone hire non-locally before the internet?


Possible Resource for Early 20th-c New York Tenement Life

If you can't visit the Lower East Side Tenement Museum in person, there's still some interesting stuff on their blog, including this link to NYPD historical crime scene photos from the pre-WWI era, which the Museum used as reference for one of the homes they refurbished (since crime scene photos show homes that haven't been tidied up for visitors): "So we grit our teeth, study the dead, leave out the blood splatter and take note of what’s on the dresser."

Visiting London, UK from Small Town America

Setting: present day Iowa/Virginia and London (UK)

What I am looking for is (if possible) first-hand accounts of coming from Small Town America to London (UK) for the first time. Not the obvious stuff (drive on the ‘wrong side’, no grid-iron road systems, much older buildings etc.) but the smaller stuff that you never expect. An example; a friend came to visit me in London from Germany. She found the sound of our sirens ‘weirdly jolly’. That kind of stuff.

Search terms used: all variations of 'uk vs usa travel differences' that I can think of, which either throws up what I could guess or already know, or various agencies helping you plan your visit to either country. Neither of which are what I'm looking for, really.

Specifics: My character is twenty-three, living in a Virginia college town, originally from Des Moines and pretty poor (sort of trailer trash). Going to London is the first time he’s been abroad.

The Virginia college town is made up. For reasons now forgotten, it takes up the space of Wytheville, VA. I don’t really know what college towns in the US are like, so I’ve gone for something somewhere between Oxford (UK) and what Harvard looks like on TV. I imagine it flat (as in, buildings not higher than say five storeys), sprawling (as in, the town itself is spread in such a way that there’s not many places where you’ll suddenly bump into enormous groups of people/students, and with wide streets) and sort of sleepy once you’re away from the main campus. If this isn’t want US college towns are like, you can tell me, sure, but it’s too late to change that, story-wise. The only impressions I have of Des Moines comes from Bill Bryson’s Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid which is mostly set in the 50s so I have no real idea of what it’s like either.

Des Moines isn’t all that important to the story, but gives my character context for this at least, and Des Moines and the Virginia college town are the only places he’s ever lived. Other places he’s visited are the other towns surrounding the college town (all of which are of a similar ilk, minus the prestigious university), Detroit (once a year to visit his brother in prison – so three times) and Washington DC (maybe also about three times).

In London, he’s going to live in south London (Old Kent Road), work in a south London hospital (St Thomas’, Lambeth) but he’s also going to do a lot of the touristy stuff, most of which is in central London.

So! What would he be unprepared for? I know there are a lot of things that are ‘expected’ when visiting the UK – different plugs, money, aforementioned driving on the left etc. – and I know some things you’re ‘forewarned’ for by watching British TV shows, but what would be odd because you didn’t think of it? What would be noticeable to someone who’s only lived in Des Moines (and not the nice bits) and small Virginia college towns?

Abdominal puncture (that looks worse than it is) to order

Setting: Modern day (Teen Wolf and Marvel Cinematic universes)

Summary: At two different points in my story, two characters get abdominal stab wounds - an adult male super-soldier in his late 20's, then a female teenaged child-soldier a few months later. I need a lower-left abdominal stab wound that would take an average, adult human male ~4-6 months to recover from, and which would need some form of surgery to fix. The worse it looks, the better, as this will be caught on video and go viral. I also need to know what life-preserving measures his teammates will take while in the field. The second stabbing victim's friends have seen the video, and will clumsily copy the life-saving efforts demonstrated in it when she is stabbed, and they keep her alive until help arrives.

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What's in the bin/trash at a greasy spoon in north London?

I literally don't know how to research this (apart from going to this sort of place and rummaging through their trash, but I don't have anything equivalent nearby - the one place I could think of became some stupid trendy cafe, boo).

It's pretty much a greasy spoon, or the UK equivalent. This sort of place:

I need the waitress to throw something away in the bin near the front counter, and the character to remove it a little while later. I don't know what would likely be in the bin, since I'm assuming all food waste would be dealt with when plates were returned to the kitchen, as well as things like used napkins, and empty food containers would be in the kitchen too.

So would it be, I don't know, receipts people left behind, dead pens, empty bottles of spray stuff for the tables? Also, if it's not meant for food, would it likely be a small plastic tub-type of bin rather than something tall with a foot pedal?

I've done a lot of customer service work, but never in food service, so I'm drawing a complete blank here. Thanks for any suggestions!