UK Prison Psych Help

Setting: Modern day UK.
Terms Searched for: Remand centers, remand centers psychiatric, suicidal prisoners, helping someone who's suicidal in prison, advocating for a mentally ill relative in prison UK, suicide attempts in remand centers

I have learned quite a bit about the prisons and remand centers in the UK, but I couldn't find anything regarding this.

Character A (early 20's) has been charged with a crime and is awaiting trial at a remand center. He has a history of psychiatric problems including a suicide attempt and self-harm. Character B goes to visit him at the remand center and character A makes comments basically saying he's going to commit suicide. Before character B can talk him down, character A gets up to leave and won't come back.

What can character B do to make sure that character A doesn't follow through on the suicide threats? The only thing that I've been able to find is how character A could get help for himself within the prison. The threat would be great enough that character B would immediately want to get help, but is there anything he could do? Also, character A would need continuing help to deal with mental health issues while at the remand center, but he wouldn't ask for it himself. Does he have to attempt suicide for anything to be done about those issues?

Suitable behaviour for an unmarried woman of 24 with an independence 1812 UK

Greetings, oh fount of amazing collected knowledge.

Miss L, who is 22 years old, has lived the past 15 years with her widowed mother in the wilds of Norfolk, UK, when she was not away at school. Alas, her mother has recently died.

Luckily, Miss L's mother and grandmother were sensible women, and ensured that money is settled on her in such a way that it stays with her, even after she is married. (Yay trusts and settlements). She has the income from £20,000 to keep her going, so that's £800 on the four-percent. This would make her attractive marriage material! (She does however keep that under wraps. Local gossip thinks she has less than half of that).

But Miss L has no intention of marrying, and will instead leave the area that holds so many sad memories for her. She wishes to go and settle somewhere and do something, but what? She really would prefer not to have to engage a mature ladies' companion (although I could rustle up an ancient great-aunt if utterly necessarily - and kill her off within a few weeks of settling in the new location). She has more than enough money to set herself up, but does not want to be idle. Nor does she want to spend huge sums of money (eg travelling) without there being some sort of return.

She would still dress appropriately, attend church, and certainly not invite young men from the pub back to her place. In other words, her behaviour on a day-to-day basis would be within the bounds of politeness.

Questions: 1) Apart from "Governess/Teacher" (ick) or going into shopkeeping, what would be a suitable occupation for an independent young woman of that time? She is intelligent, slightly better educated than many young ladies (she has accounting, middling mathematics and an understanding of some science), and able to take a couple of years to learn more.

2) Were she to set herself up in a nice little house in a town or large village, would her reputation be ruined if she only had servants, no companion? (one married couple housekeeper/gardener and a maid would do nicely)

3) If this were considered "not at all done", would that just ruin her marriage chances (Which she does not care about) and leave her as "Miss L, that eccentric lady, but we still invite her to large dinners", or would it render her unfit for any decent company and liable to be "cut" even when going to church?

Edited to add If she must have a companion, how long do you think is the maximum from when her mother dies to the engagement of said companion? Including "oh, I've written to Aunt Susan to ask her to move in here, but her sister is poorly and she may be some time."

Edited a second time to add Thank you so much to all those who responded. I shall give her a companion, but one who is dependent on Miss L for her welfare, and make sure Miss L is firm in being in charge of the situation. You're all wonderful!


Research: So many pages on Jane Austen, The impact of industrialization on (Netherlands) unmarried women’s labour force participation 1812 - 1932, assorted biographies on Jane Austen and her time, most of the relevant archives here, Social Customs and the Regency World. Articles that mentioned that just talking to the wrong person could have you censured by the community.

Reason for 14-year-old to be out of school one day in early afternoon

Setting: modern-day London (any area is up for grabs, the canon does not specify); if it helps, this is set in springtime

Attempted search terms: combinations of "british", "school", "schedule", "time", "day", etc. - I got a ton of links to British Schools in other countries, generic descriptions of what a timetable does, even occasionally a regular school schedule. Any attempts to throw in terms regarding being out of school only pulled up links to American news articles, which tells me I'm probably using the wrong terminology (as I'm an American who's never been across the Atlantic). Absolutely stuck here!

I'm writing a fanfic for a film set in modern-day London. In the film, two sisters are leaving the cinema at somewhere after 4-ish (4:30 at the latest). The one appears to be about 17; my English friend says it's quite reasonable for her to have classes at a different time so there's no need for a reason for her to be not in school at the time. However, the younger girl appears about 14, and all my friend could tell me was that she should have been in class at the time the film started (in order to be leaving the cinema at that time, she'd have to be starting the film around 2/2:30-ish, I'd think, depending on the film); my friend's been out of school too long to help me come up with any valid reasons why not. (I'm aware that this being a film, they might have simply not thought things through, but I feel like there ought to be some sort of reason.)

What I know this is not:
- a case of truancy; given who the girls' mother is and the way their activities are treated in the film, it's not seen as any issue, so I'm sure she's not skipping school
- a holiday for all the schools; it's established in the rest of the film that other schools are in session (many running later in the day than I'd expect for American schools, but I'm told that school schedules can be all over the place and with students involved in after-school programs that could be quite plausible)

If this were in the U.S. I'd suggest that it was an early dismissal due to teacher meetings in the afternoon, but I don't know if this is a thing done in England too, and if so, what is it called? (Assuming it can be limited to her school only) Terminology in these areas is difficult to locate. The other thing my friend suggested was maybe a short day schedule in that girl's particular school for another reason, like maybe it's a regular thing? She wasn't sure, and I figured I'd better ask here if I wanted it to be thought-out as much as possible. It may be a case of imposing logic on an illogical canon (which is not unheard of!) but I like to make things as realistic as possible. Since absolutely nothing is said in the film of which school they attend, or even which area of London they're in, I have complete freedom to assign those details as I like.

Solution: Thank you, everyone! It looks like an INSET day is the solution for why the 14-year-old is not in school that day. That will work beautifully in my story and adds some logic to the film (which could use it, lol). Your comments and suggestions were much appreciated!

Injuries from bomb blast (glass from a window) and field treatment with complications

Ok. I tried searching for window bomb injury, bomb blast injury OR injuries, glass injury/injuries, triage glass injury, and then I realized my question was too complicated and specific to try to narrow down to search engine terms. I also desperately googled "what would happen if you stood in front of a window when a bomb went off?" to unsurprisingly fruitless results.

So Character A is standing in front of his bedroom window when a bomb lands near the house - not so near as to level the house (yet), but near enough that it shatters the window, obviously injuring him, but not killing him - yet. Character B is an educated and experienced street medic for organized crime, so he's got plenty of field experience and a lot of equipment on-hand, but he's also caught somewhat unprepared because within maybe a 10 minute window, a second bomb severely damages the house and they have to escape before it collapses. Then I need Character A to get sepsis (the antibiotics were in the house that is now rubble, and all characters are now trapped in a small pocket of space defined by the rubble that was once the house, the back garden and the bomb shelter in the garden, so there is no further access to help) and die, but not too quickly. I did read that I can basically make the sepsis part take as long or as short as I need, so that's good. But I need to know how threatening the other injuries are, because Character B would presumably know, and it might affect the timeline and/or the actual cause of Character A's death.

So many more questions under the cutCollapse )
I'm not sure this is all of my questions, but I feel like this post is enormous and rambling as it is. Thank you in advance!

[ANON POST] Mom Losing Visitation Rights Post-Divorce (USA, 2000s)

Setting: Seattle area, 2006ish
Search terms: ways to lose custody, visitation rights, ways to lose visitation

So my question is really situational, and I just want some more informed opinions. My female MC is 36, divorced with a six-year-old daughter, but her ex-husband has sole custody and has remarried. She has standard visitation rights, every other weekend, some holidays, etc. The ex is extremely possessive and vindictive and is potentially looking for ways to cross her out of his daughter's life. Female MC is a teacher and in the story she gets involved with a new teacher at her school, who also happens to be way younger than her. I currently have it so she and the ex signed a no overnight guests during visitations thing in their custody arrangements (found the situation online), but it no longer applies to her ex's significant other as he's now married her. On the other hand, female MC is not married obviously and there are several instances where she takes her daughter over to the boyfriend's (the aforementioned teacher) house and stays over.

Now, my main question is, if the ex is spying on her and finds out that she's doing this, is it actually possible for him to get the court to take away her visitation rights? If that's really unrealistic, then I won't make it a plot point. I just want to know if, under the circumstances I've got, it's within the realm of possibility.

Additional information about the boyfriend that the ex can potentially find out: he's 24, is a weapons enthusiast and has several in his house (guns, bows, swords, etc.), was in trouble in high school for being semi-involved in gang activity.

Also, ex has a lot of money to hire really good lawyers, but female MC makes only a modest income and can't do the same.

UK postgraduate and general surgery training before MMC

I have a character who graduated from medical school (England, probably Oxford) around 1997/98/99 and goes on to become a general surgeon. Unfortunately, I can't seem to find any detailed information about what that entailed before Modernising Medical Careers came along in 2003/2005.

I know that officially you'd do:

1 years as a PRHO
2 (often more) years as a SHO
4-6 years as a Specialist Registrar

… and then become a consultant after you'd gotten your CCT.

I've found out that PRHO involved rotations through different specialties, and I've read somewhere that you even changed the hospitals you'd work at for each rotation. Is that true? What about being a SHO? On the one hand I've read this involved rotations, on the other hand, I've read that the SHO grade was replaced with today's ST1/ST2 or CT1/CT2, where you've already chosen a specialty and are learning the basics of your chosen field. Was it a bit of both????

How long did rotations typically last? (If this was area specific, think Greater London or Oxford)

My main problem here is that while the terms are no longer used officially, they still exist unofficially, so I can't tell what content is relevant to my research.

I can't find any information specific to general surgery training at that time, either. How many years was the specialist registrar training exactly? Seeing as MMC was, at least in part, about shortening the time of training, and training for general surgery now takes 8 years if you count the core training and all, I'm a bit confused.

Also, how much responsibilities did one have at each step? And for the specialty training, what were some of the things you were expected/allowed to do with or without supervision as the years progressed? I've read that in the new system, you're expected to operate independently from early on once you've finished your core training, for example. Was the same true in the old system?


As an add-on: I know there is a working time directive in place these days that limits the number of working hours for junior doctors, but what were working hours like in the late 90s/early 2000s?

I'd be grateful for any answers, anecdotes, links to blogs/websites or book recommendations you can give me :)



Searches done: Checked wikipedia. Googled variations of 'How to become a (general) surgeon in the UK/England before 2003/MMC', 'surgical training uk/england (before 2003)', PRHO/SHO/specialist registrar duties/role/work etc. Relevant little_details tags

[ANON POST] One Horse, Two Riders

Setting: standard-ish fantasy setting, technologically equivalent to maybe the 13th century

Search terms: "two riders on a horse," "riding double," the little_details "horses" tag. I checked Judith Tarr's book Writing Horses too, but didn't find much. A lot of what I have found deals with unconscious/injured people, so it doesn't exactly apply.

So I have two characters who've managed to render themselves extremely inconvenient to some nasty powers-that-be, and need to run for the border before a group of antagonists catch up and kill them. Between them, they have one horse and maybe half an hour of lead time. Obviously they are not going to be able to outrun their pursuers - also mounted - but in the interest of getting the biggest headstart that they can, how fast and far could a horse travel with two riders? We're talking two relatively big guys here, not wearing full plate armor but definitely weighed down with gambesons and chainmail and weaponry, and while the horse is no delicate little racehorse it's not a giant draft horse either.

They are fully aware that at some point they are going to have to get off and walk (the plan is to cut across country, through terrain where their pursuers will have a hard time following on horseback). But they are hoping to get as far away from the danger zone as possible first. Can any horse people around here help me with this one?

[ANON POST] Relative Adopting Teen after Parent Dies

Story is set about 2015, in the US (state as plot demands).

Ann is roughly 40 when she dies of cancer. Her daughter Beth is 17 at this time, and turns 18 about two weeks after Ann dies. Ann has always been unmarried. (Beth's father is not relevant at all to the plot other than the fact that he just isn't in the picture.)

Ann has two living relatives beside Beth: her own mother (Carol) and an uncle (David, Carol's younger brother).

She has been estranged from both of them since Beth's birth. Carol disapproves of her life choices, and Ann dislikes visiting/hosting her, but Ann cannot financially afford to cut all ties with her. Because of this, Carol has seen Ann and Beth roughly three weeks/year for the past 18 years. Carol has financially contributed to Ann's household, but all support came with conditions and doing anything Carol disproved of would result in lesser future support. David, Ann's uncle, has not been in contact beyond holiday cards in nearly 18 years due to threats from Carol, who is blackmailing him. Ann is aware this is the reason for David's silence, and while she's upset/disappointed about it, understands why her uncle hasn't been in touch.

While dying, Ann realizes that she does not want Carol to receive custody of Beth. She calls David, who agrees to take custody of Beth. Ann updates her will to reflect this without telling Beth or Carol. She does tell Beth that David will help her. Ann dies when Beth is just barely under 18. David arrives, ready to uphold his promise to Ann. Carol is angry, as she had assumed she would take charge of Beth. Beth is more than willing to go with David instead.

I can't find the answers to the following questions.

1. Would Social Services etc even get involved? There are two blood relatives ready and willing to step in and care for Beth, and frankly, if it came down to a court case and/or legal wrangling, Beth would be 18 and a legal adult before anything would be finalized.

2. Can Carol contest it or block Beth going to David? Courts tend to give first preference in custody issues to grandparents, so it would seem that Carol has a strong case (grandmother she knows vs great-uncle she's never met, Ann's will was updated while she was under influence of painkillers/chemo, Beth is being swayed by David's wealth, etc.). Carol's argument basically boils down to the fact that she considers David unfit since he's homosexual, and she views it as her moral duty to keep Beth away from his influence.

3. If David was super-prepared (and if Ann approved and helped him with whatever permissions necessary), could David basically show up with all the legal stuff handled/filled out, get Beth's approval, and get her in front of a judge and adopted swiftly? If so - or if not - what time frame am I looking at for best/worst scenarios?

4. At what point will legal entities throw up their hands and say, "You know what, she's 18, this is a pointless custody issue"?

David and Carol are both fairly wealthy, though David is richer. Beth greatly dislikes her grandmother and is willing to go with her great-uncle if only to spite her grandmother, but her mother's recommendation of David makes her trust him. Both David and Carol are able/willing to care for Beth. David will offer legal guardianship to Beth, but ideally he would like to formally adopt her (as a minor, if the courts can move fast enough, or as an adult if they can't) if she is amenable to the idea.

What complications am I missing? Or since she's so close to 18, there's a will with her mother's preference, and since she has a clearly stated preference herself, is this all just overthinking the process?

Search terms: "adoption after death of parent", "adoption by relative after parental death", "adoption time frame", "adult adoption" (mostly in terms of estate planning, it seems), "teenage adoption", "adoption dispute", "requested legal guardian after parent death", "adopting legal ward", "uncle adopts niece/nephew", and several other related search terms. Most results seem skewed towards what will occur after adoption rather than the adoptive process itself, so even if someone could correct my search terms, I'd be grateful.

Radu Negru and the foundation of Wallachia

Setting: Wallachia, 1290

Googled terms: Radu Negru/Negru Vodă + legend + mythology + history of Wallachia + Romanian mythology + Romanian legends etc. in various permutations and in three different languages, none of which is Romanian

Unfortunately, there's not much info to be found, apart from the fact that Radu Negru was the legendary founder of Wallachia. The "legendary" aspect suits me very well, but I'd like to use as many established mythological "facts" as possible, if such facts exist at all.

What I have found out is that Radu Negru is a conflation of later rulers of Wallachia, and that legend has it that he came over the Carpathian mountains, founded and ruled Wallachia and built churches in Câmpulung and Curtea de Argeş. I would like him to come to Wallachia with Transylvanian Saxons and Székely people in his entourage.

What I am looking for is input from Romanian speakers and people familiar with the legend. Are there any specific myths associated with Radu Negru? What do the legends that surround the foundation of Wallachia say? Did he for example bring a holy relic over the mountains that was venerated at the first church he built? Any little titbit would be very helpful, because non-Romanian sources are not very forthcoming.

Books You Loved When You Were 10

Setting: United States, 1950-1990--the earlier, the better

Pretty much what it says on the tin: What were you reading, the year you turned 10?

Which books did you love--and which were your least favorites? (Bonus points if the book was given to you as a 10th birthday present.) And which do you love to this day?

Which books for much younger readers did you continue reading--furtively or not!--when you were 10 and supposedly "too old" for them?

Searches tried: books for 10 year olds; best books for 10 year olds. I find these are heavily oriented toward the very latest releases, whereas I'm interested in a retrospective of the books that stay in people's affections for a long time.