Looking for a disaster to order

I'm trying to strand a couple of modern-day healthy, 40-year-old, decently competent American men in a situation where

(a) one of them is hurt in a fashion that accepting help from strangers is required; bonus if the situation leaves him somewhat disoriented, or in too much pain to be clear-headed; and
(b) communication is cut off from the world at large.

My first thought for (a) is some sort of chemical in the eyes - the help from strangers could take the form of accepting water (his friend would take care of actual eye-washing). Some sort of all-over exposure to something that requires washing off could also work. My first thought for (b) is an EMP or a solar event. If I go with these I have plenty of sources; I just can't figure out how to tie these to (a).

I can see how widespread disruption could lead to being e.g. pepper sprayed or tear gassed, but I want them to be somewhat isolated (I'm thinking California desert, but I can move them pretty much anywhere on the planet). I could have my hero looking up right when a high-altitude nuclear explosion occurs, which might cause the right amount of damage, but I can't figure out how to work in the accepting-help scenario.

An EMP-caused crash of a plane carrying something caustic would work, but the internet tells me that losing control doesn't cause planes to just DROP; and, anyway, why'd they be flying, idk, lye in the first place?

I just feel I'm overlooking something obvious...

[Anon Post] Veterinary Surgery on Large Animals, Recovery Time

Hi.

I'm writing a--well, you probably already have the general idea.

Anyway, let us say, for the purposes of a story, that an adult horse (think thoroughbred or Arabian mare, if the exact size or conformation matters, say around fifteen hands and about 800 pounds, a young adult in very good overall health) is subjected to complex and invasive emergency abdominal surgery in order to save her life. (let's say that her owners regarded her as a beloved pet, or a tremendously expensive investment in a brood mare from a champion bloodline, and didn't want her put down, and someone guessed, correctly, that she could be saved, if you're wondering why she wouldn't just have been euthanized there and then).

How long would it likely take the mare to recover? How long before she regained consciousness after the surgery, how long before she could walk or run? What complications are likely? What would her care involve, in the hours and days after the surgery? Would she be on any kind of medication after the surgery, and if so, what types are likely or at least plausible, and for how long?

Thanks.

[Anon Post] Places to dump a body near Chicago, faking accident

Setting: Chicago, present day. I'm thinking this event happens right around Memorial Day weekend, but I can adjust that if needed.

I'm writing a book where crooks take a dead guy and dump him on an isolated hiking trail, making the death look like an accident. The dump needs to happen in the daytime - between around 9 am to 1 pm on a work day. It's raining that day.

What I need: an isolated wilderness area that has steep and or slippery paths with things like rock formations or rocky outcrops/canyon walls or just lots of large rocks - so that someone dying after slipping and hitting his head is believable. It would be best if the crooks don't need to show ID when arriving at the park/trail entrance.

Research so far: Googled hiking trails near Chicago, places to hike near Chicago, least crowded hiking trails near Chicago, Challenging hiking trails near Chicago. I looked at the websites for Starved Rock State Park, Matthiessen State Park and Waterfall Glen Forest Preserve, but these areas are popular/crowded.

I also Googled places where bodies have been dumped Chicago. Came up with Humboldt Park - not a rugged wilderness area, so not suitable.

Extra details about the death: guy fell backwards during a struggle and hit his head on the edge/top of a short (think waist height) concrete wall. There was bleeding into and around the brain. He died within minutes. I'm going with a closed head wound (mo mess at the scene).

Japanese translation....

Hello -
I posted in multilingual and have got nothing, so I'm hoping someone here can help.

I'm trying to find the Japanese word for 'Ma'am'. The character is an older woman, very respected, and the person 'in charge' of a group that is basically militant freedom fighters.

She is, herself, ex-military, but she holds no rank currently. Her title, if she had one, would be 'Director', but I simply want her to be called 'Ma'am' with utmost respect.

Thank you!

Googled all over, have found nothing that is specific, just tons of stuff in Japanese characters that mean 'head of this' 'older aunt that' and etc. Please give me the word in Roman letters and not characters? Thank you.

Hindi translation requested

I ran through Google Translate, but as always I trust actual human speakers for the proper construction of a full sentence. The line is this:

“Seriously, why were you looking for this airhead?”

And by 'airhead' I mean I am happy to accept whatever colloquial insult Hindi may have for a twit, a doofus, someone who is clearly not bright. By 'looking for' I mean searching for or hunting for.

The setting is not in India, but in a future sci-fi type setting. If it matters, both of the speakers are adult male of equal social standing. Neither is actually from India or even of Indian ancestry, but the speaker is using the language because he and the listener both know it and it enables them to communicate without a third party in the room understanding them.

Thanks for any assistance!

early stone-age agriculture -- tasks

I've searched a number of different topics/keywords for information, but I've only found really basic generalities, where I'm wanting something specific.

Basic setup, I'm writing about a stone-age temperate island culture, with some primitive development of agriculture. The topic will be approached from the perspective of a child (12 years old) from a hunter-gatherer tribe, integrating into an agricultural tribe and being given simple but boring tasks to do that are generally done in groups. Unskilled labour, basically, but with no machines or metal tools.


Aside from planting, watering, and harvesting, what sorts of daily activities are involved in non-modern agriculture (that doesn't use machines or modern fertilisers or pesticides)? Did farmers pick over their crops for bugs etc. by hand?

The story is set shortly before the onset of the wet season, and plants being cultivated include legumes, leafy green vegetables, and a few types of tubers.

Thanks in advance!

Disease or injury that causes death of character in fantasy world (made-to-order)

Final edit: Leukemia seems to be the solution - thank you all for your suggestions, even if I couldn't use them! It helped a lot to think through all the possibilities.

So I'm writing a story set in a fantasy world with limited to no technology as we know it (some civilizations know how to use gunpowder to blow up things, but that's not present in this story's civilization). The story is set in an agrarian village (where the men are often training to fight with bow/sword and defend their lands from evil creatures) with a Northern European-style climate. They have the standard sorts of livestock that we would see on an old-style family farm - chickens, pigs, cows or goats, some horses (although these are used as much for transportation between places as anything - sort of all-purpose). They are aware of how to keep things clean and have proper sanitation practices (unlike our medieval world) so diseases from unsanitary conditions are rare.

I'm trying to find a way for this character to die, with the following details:

- she's a woman in her late 20s, which is the prime of her life for this civilization

- if this is an injury, it isn't likely to be horse-related as she wouldn't be dealing with them much; the only body of water nearby is a creek used for water sources (and which she's unlikely to cross)

- while it's possible for her to be pregnant at the time (she's had only one child so far and that was two years before), she's not aware of a pregnancy (so any pregnancy-related complication would need to be something very early on)

- it needs to not be something very infectious that will prevent her from having normal visitors and such while she is dying

- it needs to be something she can tell is turning fatal; she has enough time to recognize that she is not likely to survive and prepare others, which brings me to...

- she has to stay conscious till nearly the end (could have a few hours of lapsing into unconsciousness, but not days), though could be in major pain (as long as she's not confused or unconscious), because she has to be able to talk to several people as she's nearing the end and tell them things for the future

- this can happen sometime from late spring to early fall

- she has been healthy up to this point, so it can't be a disease developing over years


I googled everything from "septicemia" to "tetanus" to "dysentery" to "fatal fever" (which got me some book about Typhoid Mary) to "fatal pregnancy" (just in case I'd missed something there) to "disease fatal" to "medieval disease/death/etc." (every variation I could think of). Septicemia looked useful except for the confusion; tetanus seemed to rule out being able to communicate with the muscle spasms; dysentery is far too gross (I'd rather not have a disease where there is frequent emergence of lots of bodily fluids and other nasty stuff - though if nothing else seems to work, dysentery might be it!); most of the others were far too contagious; and I couldn't find any of the pregnancy complications that looked viable. While I've done a lot of research on illnesses, I am quite open to an injury if there's one that will cause death slow enough for her to have those conversations.

If there's anything out there I can use (real-world diseases, but if there's an old-fashioned name for it I'll be using that), let me know your suggestions! I won't actually be writing her death scene - the POV is of a character who won't be in the room with her at the time, but will be hearing some of the "last words" preparation before she leaves the room, as she's being charged with raising the dying character's child, so I have to know how she'd be speaking (halting? lots of pauses between words? as long as she can get the words out - and then have another 10-minute or so convo with the person who is in the room with her at the time she dies - I'm good).


Edit: Finally just got a hold of a relative with some medical experience, and their suggestion made me want to headdesk because of its simplicity: Cancer. It might be more common in our modern era due to all the pollutants and chemicals we're exposed to, but it still happened back then. Their suggestion was leukemia… Does that fit? And if so, where on earth can I find a description of the disease's progression without medical treatment? Whichever it is needs to only be discovered by this character some weeks before she dies, so maybe her symptoms are too mild before that to be noticed, or it's a variety that develops rapidly…

British (Offensive) Terminology/Terms of Endearment

So, I'm writing this fic that centers around a British character on an American show, and I am not quite sure how to search for the specific information that I need. The story involved a very abusive relationship with an extreme power imbalance. The purpose of the language I'm looking for is for the abuser to make the victim feel worthless and powerless. He has complete authority, the power of life or death, over his unwilling partner, who is for all intents and purposes his slave.

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I am considering also having the abuser call the victim by a term of endearment/pet name. If he was American, I'd use "baby" or "sweetheart" - something that can go either way, either be genuinely affectionate, or patronizing and degrading. Would "love" work for a British character? Or something else? What would you suggest?

Thanks so much for any help y'all can provide with this. :)

*hugs*
DoS

[Anon Post] Effects of 10 years of torture and torturing

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Sources:

I researched NAMI on Psychosis, Early Psychosis and Psychotic Depression, NIMH on PTSD and Schizophrenia, Mayoclinic on PTSD causes, Webmd on Major Depression, APA on different fire setter types, MedlinePlus on Psychotic Disorders, Youtube on Delusions and Psychotic Depression, and Mentalhealthdaily on Undifferentiated Schizophrenia causes. Among others.

If I'm contradicting myself or need to put in more information, please let me know. If anyone feels the need to send me a PM, my fanfiction.net account name is Shadowking2015.

Gunshot Wound to Thigh

So I have this character in a WWII setting where he's running and is shot in the thigh by a gunman in a tower roughly 24 meters away and at a height of 11.6 meters. The hypotenuse of this triangle of impact I've created is 26.6 meters. The firing range of the machine gun itself can get up to half a mile at average (around 800 meters) so there was no problem with hitting him concerning the range.

My character is about 10-11 years old suffering from starvation/fatigue from much physical work. He's running at an average speed and my goal is for him to be shot in the thigh, but without rupturing the femoral artery. After I've looked at diagrams and just used my logic, I've thought that maybe, at that speed and distance, it could do anything but to miss the femoral artery (it's a small target>high speeds>big impact). So, my thinking is, once the bullet hits his leg, will go straight through the flesh, but it would be such a catastrophic wound that it would have to hit the femoral and condemn his leg to being cut off, or, more likely, bleeding out. Am I right? I hope not, I want this to work.

Potentially, I could make it so that my character is much closer (i.e., a few meters rather than 24). At that closer range, I would think it more reasonable for the bullet to both go through the flesh entirely but be able to miss the femoral if he's lucky.

My question is: How will this effectively injure this character? I'm no medical expert, and I'm not expecting anyone else on here to be, either, but I'd like some second opinions. Much thanks for any responses in advance.

-
http://panorama.auschwitz.org/tour1,en.html (very interesting tour/LOTS of info. The first one titled "view from a watch tower" is the height from which I mentioned earlier and you can easily see the wall which they'd already scaled- never mind that)