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Roman God of Architecture/Building/Construction?
amelia pond. doctor who
lozzalea wrote in little_details
Setting: Imperial Rome

Google Search:
many combinations of roman gods/deities, myths, building, stone-workers, construction, craftsmanship etc, etc...

Google has pointed me to a couple of refereces that name Ceres as the Roman Goddess of Architecture, although most references seem to link her with agriculture instead. Hephaestus/Vulcan also came up but seems more oriented towards metal-working and blacksmithing? Ideally, I'm after a god with an afinity for building stone and rock.

Thanks in advance for any guidance you can give!

My first thought is Athena- Minerva, in Rome. She's the goddess of Wisdom, Weaving and Defensive Warfare, but the general emphasis is on her being patroness of local affairs (she's also patroness of Athens), so she'd probably have an influence on architecture, too.

As far as I remember, wasn't her focus on local affairs specifically Athens-related?

Google was giving me through away lines about Vesta being associated with architecture, but I couldn't find anything more specific.

Two possibilities (as quoted from the New Larousse Encyclopaedia of Mythology.)

Janus was... the god of all doorways: of public gates (through which roads passed) and of private doors... His two faces allowed him to observe both the exterior and interior of the house, and entrance and exit of public buildings.

Terminus. Social life received the protection of several divinities such as Terminus. He played a very important role, for he watched over property, which was a holy thing, and presided over the fixing of boundaries and frontiers. At first Terminus was only a title of Jupiter's; but a legend gave him popularity: it was told how Terminus – and Juventas – refused to make way for jupiter when Jupiter came to install himself on the Capitol. At first the god was represented by a plain block of stone. Later he was depicted as a column surmounted by a human head.

Bah. My degree is in Architecture and I've been studying mythology since I was 8. I should be able to answer this, but the truth is that there really WASN'T a deity for architecture or building.

I'd say go with Roma, a goddess who embodied all of Rome.

If you don't need an actual deity, but can settle for a mythological creature, cyclops might be the next best thing. While cyclopses? cyclopsi? they also had an affinity for metal work, they're said to have built the massive walls of Mycenae as well.

Terminus - god of boundary stones?

Minerva as the goddess of crafs and trade guilds

Bonus Eventus - God of successful enterprises

Source: Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome

There doesn't seem to be one god specifically associated with stone. gave me this list.

It looks like Athena might be your best bet.

ETA: Oops, searched Greek, not Roman. Try these two.

Edited at 2010-11-17 07:40 pm (UTC)

According to this site and Wikipedia, Hephaestus/Vulcan is also the patron of builders, architects, and stonemasons. He seems like a good bet for building and crafts in general. Vesta is goddess of the hearth and architecture, but not necessarily the crafting aspect, I don't think.

in all of human or earthly God in mythology only the Egyptians have a God of Architecture, Buildings, and Construction works..that God is AMENHOTEP

Amenhotep was a real great architect of the pharaoh. after death, he was deified as to the lesser egypt god of architecture and construction.
But the great God, the crafter of the humankind, was PTAH - all ancient Egyptian builders of pyramids were glorifying him.

AEDICVLVS. You all suck at this.

Aediculus – The Roman god of architecture. He presided over the construction and preservation of buildings. (Cyclopedia 92). From the Latin "aedes," building, temple, room, or house, depending on the context.

Source: Stuart, Robert. Cyclopedia of Architecture, Historical, Descriptive, Typographical, Decorative, Theoretical and Mechanical, Alphabetically Arranged, Familiarly Explained, and Adapted to the Comprehension of Workmen, Etc., Etc. By Robert Stuart [pseud.] ... Two Volumes in One. ... New York: A.S. Barnes & ..., 1854. Print.

Graduate student studying Roman architecture/ writing an encyclopedia here. For future reference, there is a Roman god for everything, just like saints. Sometimes they are animistic. Sometimes they are avatars of higher deities. Sometimes they are simply personifications of some notion. But there is always a god for everything.


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