Little Details

A Fact-Checking Community for Writers

A character without a legal identity
Setting: Modern day United States. California, if it needs to be that specific, which it most likely will.

So I'm writing a story online with friends, and Character A, who comes from some alternate world where magic is a Thing, gets zapped into our United States and has to make their own life there. Luckily, another, local character lends them a room, so homelessness isn't immediately an issue, but:

1) Considering Character A has no legal identity, no birth certificate, no social security number, et cetera, what serious issues are they going to have to contend with?
2) What steps, legal or non-legal, could be taken by characters in the story to get rid of these issues, or at least mitigate them?
3) What issues would be mitigated or solved if Character A were to marry Character B, who actually is a U.S. citizen?

One more thing, if this helps: Character A comes from a country in the alternate world that is basically Japan with the numbers filed off, language included, but of course they don't have a legal Japanese identity for our world.

I tried looking for answers myself, but most of the results I found were examples of real people with no legal identity without any clear solutions, and the solutions I could find seemed to rely on such things as witnesses to the characters' birth/childhood (e.g. stuff that wouldn't work if the character were from an alternate world).

Thanks in advance.

Can you use blood from any species in ELISA test?
Tally and landrews
Since ELISA tests are genus or species specific for what they are testing for (i.e.: heartworm, hepatitis), does the blood used for testing have to be species specific? From my googling, it appears the heartworm ELISA is the same regardless of whether you are testing dog or cat (the unreliability in the test for cats comes in their small size limiting number of heartworms). So if I were testing for an antigen or antibody of an equine parasite (horse is dead end host) and had an ELISA for that, could I reliably test a human for presence of that parasite (as dead end host) with that same ELISA?

Thanks for any light anyone can shine on this :-)

Googled: is ELISA species specific (result only discusses what you are testing *for* may be limited to genus level when trying to separate to closely related species, no discussion of if ELISA limited to certain species as patient), can you use canine heartworm ELISA for checking for heart worm in cats (result appears to be yes, can a human be tested for heart worms with canine ELISA (no useful results), can a dog be tested for HIV using human ELISA (result- yes and they have been, but the HIV ELISA is set up funky, testing for antibodies for proteins thought to be specific to people with HIV, not HIV itself- can be false positives if someone has recently been sick with other viral infections - don't know how reliable that info is...might be old), can dog be tested for hepatitis with human ELISA (results got hep c for dogs, different antibody, but also got this about ELISA testing several different species for Ebola but doesn't say if different ELISA for each species by collecting antibodies from animls infected by it- I know they tested that doctor's dog- did they use Human ELISA or did they get a sick dog first?)

Gunshot wound, emergency last rites & clergy spilling blood
Silver Fox
Hello everyone! I have a scene that is giving me trouble on both medical and psychological levels and would appreciate any help I can get.

The POV character is a Roman Catholic priest confronted with a wounded man. The setiing is complicated by time travel issues, but the the priest is from 17th century France.
The castle they are in is under a surprise attack. The victim is the first casualty - a guard who was shot (from a small handgun, if it matters) while standing duty at the gate and then staggered inside. The priest has a lot of military experience - planning battles as well as witnessing the process and the aftermath. He feels responsible to participate in the castle's defence, and he wants the guard to tell him what happened at the gate. He is (correctly) assuming that the guard is dying - if not right now, then within the next several days for sure. He also knows that the guard is a Roman Catholic, although not a very devout one.
The plan was for the guard to tell the priest something along the lines of "there were about this many attackers going in approximately that direction", then the priest grabs the guard's weapon and runs off to defend the castle.

The problems I have with the scene are:

1. I need a dying man who is coherent and initially mobile. I thought to give him a gut wound, but googling  "gunshot wounds to stomach", "gut wounds" suggests that the guy will be either screaming in pain or unconscious. All the other wounds I can think of would be either immediately fatal or potentially curable. What I need is a gunshot wound that would
a) permit the man to walk 15 meters or so before collapsing, then talk for at least a couple of minutes, and then, ideally, actually hand the priest a weapon, possibly with a short explanation which button to press (this is not a 17th century weapon, or guard, or castle)
b) be recognized as definitely, unequivocally fatal by an experienced 17th century "soldier", assuming said "soldier" failed to consider the possibility that people here have different medical capabilities than what he's used to.
Any ideas how to do that? And how exactly would the priest know the man is a goner? (For the gut wound I was thinking a tell-tale smell).

2. The priest is behaving more like a soldier than like a priest here, but he is a priest. As such, he'll probably at least think about doing something, um, religious. My knowledge of Catholicism is fairly limited, my knowledge of 17th century French Catholicism - even more so. I tried to google "Roman Catholic death preparation", "Catholic priest comforting the dying", "Catholic last rites", "Emergency last rites" and combinations thereof. I got that there is a procedure of Penance,  Anointing, and Viaticum, but that obviously requires time and preparation. The priest here was not planning on giving any last rites and has no supplies beyond a pectoral cross. So, the questions are:

2a. Will the priest feel oblidged to offer spiritual support before or after getting the military info he needs? What kind of support would that be, exactly? Will he offer to hear a confession (would you like to...) or will he insist on it (repent your sins), or will he just jump straight into the Viaticum (do you reject sin...)? Can the Viaticum be shortened somehow? From the text I found here, it would take at least a couple of minutes, and the priest really needs to get moving.

2b. Assuming the priest expects the guard to live another few hours, can he just give him a quick blessing (how would that be phrased?) and intend to come back for the proper ceremony after the assault has been repelled (which is not at all certain at that point)? Or is that completely contrary to what is expected of a priest, he has to stay and say the prayers now, come hell or high water?

2c. Conversely, this is a 17th century priest who'd seen the war up close. He's got a man who is in a lot of pain, and who cannot, in his opinion, be healed. Would it occur to him to finish the man off out of mercy? I'm pretty sure he has the nerve to do it, but did Catholicism in 17th century approve of mercy killing? Also, if he does decide to kill the guard, would that mean he'd have to first perform the last rites? Because that would take time he hasn't got and make this option impossible.
UPD: Answer received: Nope, no mercy killing, especially not without last rites.

3. Finally, the whole concept of a priest killing. I heard that Catholic clergy is not supposed to spill blood, which is why in the middle ages they only used maces/clubs/staves for combat, but I never found any backing for that idea. Google search for "Catholic clergy spilling blood" yields a suggestion that perhaps the clergy was not allowed to use swords, specifically, because those who use the sword will perish by it. Also, I saw some counter-arguments about monastic orders using swords like no tomorrow, which was a good point.
I mean, I realise a priest is not really supposed to kill, period. But if he happens to be killing anyway, will he have any more qualms over using a gun than over using a mace/club/staff? He comes from a noble family, and probably wouldn't know how to use a club. And no clubs are available, anyway. So he has to use a gun no matter what. But will that present an additional moral dilemma?

UPD: Answer received: If a priest is fighting anyway, he'll be using whatever weapons are available. Also, maces spill blood, too.

Alive but mortally wounded in explosion?
Afflicted: Marcus
Setting: Roughly modern day to very slight sci-fi. (No magical Star Trek technology, but there are domed cities and such to protect against a plague that has infected the entire outside world.) Medical research facility, remote outpost. Anthropomorphic (furry) characters, if there are any specific biological issues with like lizard anatomy or whatever that would make a difference.

A probably-deliberate explosion (someone planted a bomb, tampered with something to make it explode, etc) has destroyed a large portion of the facility. Our narrator for this scene is a collie who was in an airlock tunnel, going through some decontamination protocol after working outside, and just about ready to go back into the main facility when the blast occurred. Her colleague/love interest is a whiptail lizard who was in the lobby of the main facility, just beyond the airlock tunnel. The blast occurred somewhere in the main facility, basically as close to the lizard as I can make it for what the plot needs to have happen. The collie, being close-ish but in the other room, gets tossed and rendered unconscious for an unspecified amount of time (she has no idea how long she's been out when she wakes up, could be mere seconds or could be days, feels the same to her) and is woozy, sore as hell, and temporarily deafened, but otherwise okay. The lizard is not so fortunate; she was closer to the blast and buried under falling rubble from the destruction, and is therefore either already dead or dying by the time the collie recovers and finds her.

The explosion needs to be big/small enough/located in just the right place/etc. to accomplish three things at the same time:
  1. Breach the hull of the facility, meaning the collie has still been exposed to the plague of the outside even if she escapes this scene
  2. KO the collie for an unspecified amount of time, leave her feeling bedraggled upon waking up, but nothing from which she can't eventually recover without access to a hospital and such (as she is now considered infected and therefore no longer welcome back in the city)
  3. Fatally wound the lizard. Bonus points if she can be clearly dying but not quite dead--you know, hanging on just long enough to get off a few last words. However, if physics dictates that she absolutely has to have been killed instantly, I can work with that. Just, you know, thought I'd check first.

Can anyone assist with putting the logistics of this all together? Thank you!

Googled "how to survive an explosion", "effects of explosion on human body," and "anatomy of an explosion" type articles, this, etc.

Language Retention in a Foreign Country [ANSWERED]
Hi guys,

I'm working on a story about a (West at the time) German born mother and her son. The story takes place circa 1999 and by then the MC's mother has been in the US for about 15 years. I wondered how well she would retain her German fluency if she only visits Germany for a few months out of the year every few years, but keeps up correspondence with German friends still living in Germany?

Another thing I also wondered too: Some people say that someone born in a given country will, when they're angry/exasperated enough, will still swear/make frustrated exclamations in their first language. I wondered if, given the situation above, the MC's mother would do so, or swear/exclaim in English instead?

Edited to add: She would have been in her late 20s when she left Germany in the mid-1980s, if that helps/influences any answers. She would have been born in the mid-50s, and while she originally learned English to teach it in Germany, I was thinking that after she gets to the US she may work as a German teacher in an American school. After reading some answers, I'm tempted to make it so she swears in English, but, as a couple people pointed out, might revert back to using German numbers and such when under duress. I'm trying to make sure this sounds realistic enough given this background. Thanks for all the help so far!

Edit 2: I think I've got a good idea on where to go now, thanks!

Research: Googled 'parent swears in native language,' and 'retaining native fluency in foreign country.'

Withington Hospital discharge procedure, 1892
setting: Withington Hospital, south Manchester, England, 1892

My protagonist got caught in a boiler explosion in a textile factory and went to the hospital with some broken bones and steam burns. Things I need to know include:

What's the discharge procedure going to look like when he's ready to go home again?

Would the hospital care who he left with? (Currently I've got one of his neighbors from his boarding house coming by to pick him up and take him to his boyfriend's house. The relationship between the protagonist and his boyfriend is a secret from the general public, for obvious reasons, but I'm guessing no one would blink so long as the boyfriend himself didn't show up at the hospital?)

Would he be given any prescriptions? (Laudanum, morphine? Current draft has him leaving without any opiates whatsoever and going through withdrawals, but I'm not sure how likely that is.)

Would the hospital demand payment, and would they care who it came from? (If they don't care, his boyfriend is going to be paying for it; if they do care, protagonist will probably have to dip into his own mattress savings.)

Would my protagonist be used as a teaching tool for medical students? (My research seems to point to "yes," but a more comprehensive answer with specific details on what that would look like from his perspective would be awesome. I'm still trying to track down Margaret Mathewson's diary for insights, though she was a patient in a different hospital in an earlier decade.)

prior research:

The Withington Hospital article on Wikipedia
Health, Medicine, and Society in Victorian England by Mary Wilson Carpenter
Seymour J. Sharkey, ‘Morphinomania’, The Nineteenth Century: A Monthly Review 127,
(September, 1887)
(Super helpful for contemporary attitudes towards morphine addiction! Not so helpful for Withington Hospital.)
This community's uk: health care and hospitals tag

Living in a denser atmosphere
bouncy lala
This relates to my last question, which was here.

I believe I have settled on a planet for my human-like aliens to come from - Tau Ceti f. This choice brings up a whole new set of questions based on this information:

Assuming that Tau Ceti f is a terrestrial planet, it would likely be at least 2.3 times larger in size than the Earth. Assuming an Earth-like atmosphere, the surface temperature would be approximately −40°C (233 K). With a denser atmosphere able to produce a stronger greenhouse effect it could have a much higher temperature, between 0 °C and 50 °C, enough for complex life to exist.

Let's say I wanted the planet to have this "denser" atmosphere so my characters wouldn't be living in below zero temperatures. How much denser would it have to be? What would the sky look like? What effect would it have on people who lived there? What would the weather be like? If a person from Earth came to this planet, what effect would it have on them? If a person was used to living in this denser atmosphere and they went to Earth, what effect would the change have on them? What would it feel like?

I Googled "living in a denser atmosphere" and got a variety of answers. One site said living creatures would feel no effects even in a very dense atmosphere because we would evolve to adapt, another said everything would grow bigger, another said there would be no land just water... the only thing they all agreed on was that people would be able to strap on wings and fly in a denser atmosphere. I really don't know what other search terms will yield me answers to my questions.

Registering a birth if the father died before the child was born
Setting: Tokyo, Japan. Early 2000's.

Searched terms: registering a birth in Tokyo/Japan death father/dad/parent married, registering a birth in Tokyo/Japan death father/dad/parent, registering a birth in Tokyo/Japan.

I have a female character, A, on her mid-thirties that has been married to character B, a male of the same age, for about 4 years. Character A and B are expecting a baby when character B suddenly dies from a brain aneurysm less than two months before the due date. Take note on the fact that B is pretty healthy for his age which makes the situation more unexpected.

So, months after, A has to register her baby C's birth. My questions are: Can A add the name of C's father on the birth certificate? If she can, what proof does she need to show that the baby is his (if any)? What would be considered acknowledge for part of the father (B isn't exactly shy about expressing his excitement about his yet-to-be-born offspring)?Also, would the child be considered an out of wedlock birth or not?

Thanks you for your help!

1950s Pnuemonia treatment
I'd like to know how pneumonia was treated in the 1950s. I'm writing a story that takes place in West Germany in the 1950s(don't know exactly what year yet). My story features a character who had pneumonia before he fled East Germany to come to West Germany. He received treatment in East Germany, but wasn't deemed well enough to travel when he left. I'd like to know if it was possible during the time period to travel when not fully recovered and not have dangerous complications as a result. I googled "pneumonia treatment in the 1950s" and "treating pneumonia without antibiotics" but didn't find the details I was looking for. If anyone has information regarding the treatments they had back then and their effectiveness, please share this information. It would be very helpful.

[ANON POST] Aconite Poisoning and Treatment in 1500s Italy
I’m writing an Assassin’s Creed fanfiction set in Italy in the early 1500s, and I’ve got a bit of a poisoning problem. There is a section of the story in which an assassin attacks his target with the poison blade, so aconite is injected into the victim. The problem I have is that seconds after he’s successfully injected his target, he realises he’s made a mistake and the target has to survive, no matter what. The assassin is able to get the target to a doctor within a flexible timeframe, although I do have to allow for the public aftermath of a botched assassination attempt.

All the sources I’ve found are consistent on the symptoms aconite poisoning causes, but the only recommendations for treatment I can find apply to the modern day. I can’t find anything about how it would have been treated in the 1500s or if it could be treated at all. Equally, the only cases of aconite poisoning I can find describe situations where the poison was ingested.

As far as I can tell, cardiovascular irregularities will almost certainly occur, and the victim's heart will stop in this fanfiction. From there, I have a distinctly non-medical progression in mind but up until that point, I'll need to be as true to the historical context as possible.

Essentially, what I need to know is:

• Are there any differences in symptoms or how quickly aconite can kill if it is injected rather than ingested? Incidentally, can aconite even be injected? I'm a little wary of taking the details of the AC universe at face value.

• The assassin will tell the doctor exactly what happened and the name of the poison. Based on that, what action would the doctor take? What impact, if any, would it have on the victim's condition and chances of survival?

These are some of the articles / sources I've read: (I haven't listed all of them, but these ones cover most of the information I've collected - hope that's ok) Cut for lengthCollapse )

Thanks in advance to anyone who can help.

What if we breathed nitrogen?
bouncy lala
I'm currently working on making some changes to an original race of aliens that are very humanoid, as well as the mixed race children they had with Earthlings. For some variety, I was hoping to make it that these aliens breathed something other than oxygen, but I'm having a great deal of trouble figuring out what sort of changes that might make to them physically/if it would really be possible. I've read enough to know that hydrogen would be a bad choice, which is disappointing since it could be distilled from water. They'd probably blow themselves up before they could get it into their lungs. XD So, I thought maybe nitrogen. What would it be like if humanoid creatures breathed nitrogen? The alien body processes do not need to be 100% human-like, but I'd rather not have major changes to their physical appearance. Is it at all possible than an inert gas be used for respiration?

Also, would it be possible that the mixed race children be able to breathe both oxygen and nitrogen? Like, their bodies would start off with oxygen and if the oxygen was cut off somehow, they would automatically switch to breathing nitrogen? Or would this result in some sort of explosive reaction I'm not aware of? (Science was never my strong subject.)

Used searches like, "What if we breathed nitrogen?" which came up with links describing how we would die if all we had in the air around us was nitrogen since we breathe oxygen. Not at all helpful, in other words.

Medical conditions that require long hospital stays
Stand back - It's SCIENCE!

I swear my google fu has never failed me so bad before ...

My story is set today in Germany.
The question is simple enough: I'm working on an idea where two characters (teenagers) meet in an hospital as patients. So far so good.
All I need are plausible medical conditions that require long hospital stays BUT don't render someone completely immobile/barely conscious (like a coma wouldn't work for obvious reasons).

Of course I googled "long term illness", "long hospital stay", "chronic illness", "what reasons for long hospital stay?" etc etc but all I got were a dozen hospital websites that didn't really explain wo me what I wanted to know. ;)

My first thought was cancer, so I researched cancer and treatment. But the more I found out the more it seems that people don't stay that long in a hospital aside from the surgeries or during the final stages. I totally thought chemotherapy would have to be stationary but obviously that's not the case?

Anything neurological (craniocerebral injuries, cerebral haemorrhaging etc.)  would almost always affect their cognition/consciousness which I don't want, so that's out of the question.

The only thing I found out so far are people waiting for a heart or lung transplants and have to be monitored 24/7 or people with kidney failure who need renal dialysis? Except again I'm not really sure because I already found cases of patients who lived at home and only went for a few hours per day (or per week) to the hospital for dialysis. Does anybody know in which cases hospitalization is required?  

So in a nutshell: Are there any plausibel medical conditions, injuries, chronic illnesses or anything that would require long stays at the hospital and a lot of treatement? I'd be really grateful for any kind of help!

Transit of Venus, 1761
A few questions; all help would be much appreciated! Spherical trigonometry is, alas, beyond me.

The location is a fictitious island at 30ºS, 19ºW.

I believe that with clear skies the transit would already have been visible at sunrise; would this have given any odd effects, for instance caused by the extra thickness of the atmosphere at the angle they're viewing at?

What time would the transit have ended?

What equipment would they have used to project the images onto a screen?

Calculations: what would the parallax calculations look like – and also calculations for establishing longitude, eg lunars, Jovian moons (if relevant; I am on a learning curve so steep it's more of a cliff.)

Andrea Wulf, Chasing Venus
Royal Society:
Museum of the History of Science:

I've found plenty of pages on the 1761 transit, and more recent ones, including the one I saw in 2012 – but honestly it would be lovely to have one definitive place to go.

U.S. Marine Corps - slang and nomenclature
So, I have a (former) Marine Corps pilot, and I wanted to make sure she uses the right slang, even though she's a very minor character.

My first problem is the word I put in brackets - I've found the "once a marine, always a marine" saying in different places, so it would be correct for another character to refer to her as a marine, using the present tense, not an 'ex-marine', right? Or would I be overdoing it?

Secondly, what would she be using as slang for the plane she's piloting? I want her to say something like "who’s going to try to get the drop on me, in my own . . ." - what? I found 'helo' for helicopter, but she flies fixed-wing aircraft. Also, I wanted something to show a sense of possessiveness - it may just be the company jet, but while she's flying it, it's kind of hers.

Also, would a Marine use a phrase like "get the drop on me"?

Finally, I've looked for battle cries, and found 'get some' and 'Oorah' - is that real or just movies and tv (online sources sometimes contradict each other)?

My search terms were "US marine slang", "US marine slang plane".

ETA: Thanks for all your help, I've got enough to work with here!

RESOURCE: British Clothing, Hairstyles, and Accessories 1901-1953
A very detailed website based on photo research. Need to know about the details of your WWI military character's uniform buttons? What did the last big ladies' hats look like, right before close-fitting headgear came into style? Your fashionable 20s character has bobbed her hair, but does she have a classic Orchid Bob or an extreme Eton Crop? What did children growing up under wartime clothes rationing have to wear? It's all in here and more, along with an "annex" describing historical photographic techniques.

Spanish capitalization of titles used as honorifics
just jack
The story is set around 150 years in the future, and portions of it take place in Sonora in Mexico. The main character is a child, and later a teenager. He speaks both Spanish and English. He has a habit of referring to people who have power or resources he does not by titles that are almost nicknames, and my research is coming up 50-50 on whether those titles get capitalized. Maybe either way is okay and I get to choose, I don't know. I'd be happier if somebody who speaks Spanish a whole lot better than I do has a firm answer.

For example, Ana is Señora Ana most of the time, because the narration is in English. If she's part of a whole sentence in dialogue in Spanish, she is la señora Ana. What's kicking my butt is the point of view character's habit of thinking of her as la Señora. Is Señora capitalized or no?

Likewise, Captain Muir Is Capitán When addressed directly, but should the point of view character think of him as El Capitán, el Capitán, or el capitán?

Thanks in advance if you can help.

ETA: I don't need help with the English--it was provided only as an example. If you've already commented on it, I apologize for taking up your time.

Medical disqualification from combat pilot status
When: early 1990s

Where: real world

Terms searched: "pilot status" + "medical disqualification"


I have a USAF pilot, flying F-15s starting in roughly 1980.

I need to find a medical condition, something not detectable through a routine (pilot-grade) physical, which will disqualify them from flying combat but _not_ from civilian or non-combat military flying.

Any former pilots or aviation medical folks have a suggestion?

Several 1970s-80s-era USAF Questions [Still need some help]
Hi all,

Edit: Answered everything but the German wife aspect of things, still really need help there and am grateful for any help I can receive, thanks!

You may remember me from a few years back while I was starting work on a few MCs, one of whom has a German mother. Well, now I'm working on how this MC's mother and father met/married in more specifics, and I was thinking aforementioned MC's father was in the air force when they met. While trying to think of how to construct his background, I ran into some potentially useful information for people facing some of these questions in the current day, but I'm not sure how valid they would be when I'm applying it to the 1970s-80s, and I need some help constructing a believable background for this scenario. Please excuse any ignorance you may find here since I'm not too good with military specifics and have no one I can ask in regards to some of these.

So since this is long, background and search terms are under the cut.Collapse )

Thanks for any help and leads anyone can provide!

Louisiana Creole Translations
I feel like this might be too off-the-wall to get many answers, but I'm building a modern fantasy world with a friend that's set on the bayou and while we're using preternatural creatures that are already established, we want to come up with names for the sub-species that sound local.

I used google and found this site which has helped me some - but it doesn't seem to be a very extensive dictionary, and I couldn't find much in the way of other resources.

I'm sorry in advance if this is a lot. And I know that some of these words definitely won't have a direct translation but any suggestions that have a similar feeling would be much appreciated!

Here's a list:
Banshee. (I was thinking something like death singer?)
Goblin. (In our lore, they're prankster fairies.)
Leprechaun. (Basically fairy frat boys who love money and grant wishes.)
Pixie. (Essentially fairy godmothers.)
Vasily. (Fairy cowboys?)
Selkie. (They turn into alligators in our lore, since the bayou isn't very conducive to seals.)
Will O' Wisp.
Pride. Lafyèrté?
Envy. Enviyé?
Write. Ékri?
Speak. Parlé?
Air. Lèr?
Earth. Latè?
Water. Diló?
Fire. Difé?

Can rabies be transmitted reliably by food or drink
This is for my Nazi-killing time traveler from last time. So, time period nowish and late 1920s/early 1930s (1930 might be my sweet spot), location pretty much anywhere now, or in Germany in the '30s. Search term "can rabies be transmitted by food"

I was thinking she might diffuse suspicion by using a couple of different methods of killing her targets. Get some of the drinkers with some methanol "vodka", hit Hitler and several other key people with botulinum toxin, and give the b-listers rabies, possibly releasing a non-rabid but aggressive animal into the party as a cover story. (other suggestions are still welcome)

I was thinking that rabies likely would not be detectable as murder at that time. We can likely collect concentrated live rabies viruses in a way they probably couldn't have in the '30s, so I don't know if it would have *occurred* to anyone that someone could murder someone else by spiking their food or beverage with rabies.

But what I can't find is how reliably rabies can be *transmitted* that way. Everything I'm finding does seem to say that getting still-wet saliva in your mouth from a rabid animal counts as exposure to rabies, but I'm really not sure how likely one is to actually be infected by it. Anyone else know?


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